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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (75)
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1

two bones, one under each eye to form the cheekbone

zygomatic

2

two bones, one on each side of the face, to form the upper jaw

maxilla

3

two bones, one on the right and the other on the left, to form the bridge of the nose

nasal

4

two bones, one on each side of the nose near the eyes

lacrimal

5

two bones inside the nasal cavity, scroll like

nasal conchae

6

one bone: the lower back portion of the nasal septum

vomer

7

the lower jaw

mandible

8

paranasal sinus located at the inner sides of both eyes

ethmoid

9

paranasal sinus located behind each eye

sphenoid

10

paranasal sinus located above each eye, in the forehead

frontal

11

paranasal sinus located on either side of the nose

maxillary

12

mandible: slender rising section that forms an angle with the main portion of the back of the mandible

ramus

13

where the lower mandible and the ramus meet

mandibular angle

14

rounded surface at the top edge of the mandible that meets and joins with the temporal bone

condyle

15

mandible unites with the temporal bone to form a movable joint

temporomandibular joint

16

muscles elevate and lower the jaw

temporal

17

muscles allow the mouth to close

masseter

18

muscles allow the mandible to open, close, move forward and sideways.

pterygoid

19

allows the lips to compact, compress and protrude

orbicularis oris

20

muscle that allows the cheeks to move

buccinator

21

allows the chin and lower lip to mve

mentalis muscle

22

most important cranial nerve in dentristy

trigeminal

23

provides sensation for the hard palate, the soft palate, the uvula, the periosteum, upper teeth, gums as well as the tonsils, cheeks and nose

maxillary (division of the trigeminal nerve)

24

provides sensation to lower teeth, gums, some muscles in the floor of the mouth, the lower lip, cheeks, chin and tongue, as well as allowing for movement of the tongue

mandibular (division of the trigeminal)

25

third division of the trigeminal nerve, provides sensation to the several structures including the forehead, scalp, eyes, eyelids, eyebrows, and nose

ophthalmic

26

carotid artery that supplies blood to the teeth, tongue, tonsils, and palate

external carotid

27

supplies blood to the maxillary front teeth

infraorbital

28

supplies blood to the maxillary teeth

maxillary

29

supplies blood to the mandibular teeth

inferior alveolar

30

supplies blood to the face, tonsils, palate and salivary gland

facial