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Flashcards in Chap 5 Deck (59)
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1

study of diseases

pathology

2

refers to the cause of the disease

etiology

3

abnormal body responses to disease

symptoms

4

symptoms that can be seen by the caregiver

objective symptoms, clinical signs

5

reported by individual, not seen by caregiver

subjective symptoms

6

various signs and symptoms grouped together that portrait a disease

syndrome

7

pathogens are spread from improper contact with inanimate objects that are not sterilized

indirect

8

pathogens are transmitted through body fluids

contact

9

state of being absent from organisms

asepsis

10

measures to prevent disease and promote a favorable environment for health

sanitation

11

exposure to chemical agents to destroy the majority of pathogens

disinfection

12

use of heat, steam, or ultraviolet light to destroy all pathogens

sterilization

13

apparatus for sterilizing that involves steam under pressure

autoclave

14

autoclave with higher temperatures to less the time required

flash autoclave

15

oven that sterilizes with high temperatures, without water

dry heat sterilization

16

autoclave using chemical vapor instead of water

chemical vapor

17

gas chamber for articles that cannot withstand heat

germicidal gas

18

inserted into the transparent packaging that covers the article, or taped to the outside. change color when sterilization is complete

indicator strips

19

chemical that destroys the growth of most organisms

disinfectant

20

diluted disinfectant that inhibits the growth of pathogens

antiseptic

21

chemical that maintains the current bacteria level, inhibiting growth

bacteriostatic agent

22

disinfectant solution to soak instruments prior to sterilizing

holding solution

23

sanitation method: contamination prevention (drapes, sleeves etc)

barrier techniques

24

sanitation method: assuming that all cases are potential serious diseases or conditions, managing them as such

standard precautions

25

sanitation method: disposal unit for sharps

sharps container

26

unit for items that have been contaminated by body fluids

biohazard container

27

immediate, severe, rapidly occurring symptoms

acute

28

symptoms are present over a long period

chronic

29

condition occurring in a community or region

epidemic

30

condition that ranges over a whole large geographical area

pandemic