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1

is the professional whose dental specialty is caring for children’s teeth

pedodontist

2

Extra teeth are called

supernumerary or epactal teeth

3

unusually small teeth

Microdontia

4

unusually large teeth

Macrodontia Also called megalodontia (megal-odont-ia)

5

no formation of tooth (absent tooth)

Tooth aplasia

6

dental crown develops in an area that should be pulp space. This is a ‘tooth within a tooth’

Dens in dente

7

joining of 2 or more teeth as a single unit.

Concrescence or fusion

8

tooth division, resulting in two crowns on one root

Gemination: (not germination)

9

development of imperfect and minimal amount of dentin that can easily fracture

Dentinogenesis imperfecta

10

deficient amount and defective enamel development.

Amelogenesis imperfecta Also called enamel dysplagia May also be called enamelogenesis

11

gingival benign tumour-like mass.

Epulis

12

gingival abscess Commonly called a ‘gumboil’

Parulis: gingival abscess (plural is parulides).

13

inflammation of tissue cells

Cellulitis

14

tumour made up of dental material. Cementum, pulp, dentin and enamel that may or may not be shaped in the form of a tooth

Odontoma

15

stiff and crooked bony joint, where the bone meets with the tooth’s radicular surface (root area), causing retention of a deciduous tooth

Ankylosis

16

abnormally large gap between two adjacent teeth, may or may not be the result of an enlarged labial frenum

Diastema

17

unusually small lips

Microcheilia

18

purple tongue discoloration with edema, due to riboflavin deficiency (vitamin B2)

Magenta tongue

19

benign tumour on any oral surface

Papilloma

20

small, firm, grain-like inflammatory lesion/growth

Granuloma

21

benign mucous cyst

Mucocele

22

translucent cyst on the tongue’s undersurface or the floor of the mouth, in the sub-lingual salivary duct

Ranula May also be called sialocele

23

common wart

Verruca vulgaris

24

proper nutrition, effective brushing and flossing, eliminating habits such as thumb sucking

Education

25

treatment of bacterial and viral infections

Basic interventions

26

treatment of vitamin deficiencies

Prophylactic measures

27

repair of enamel by reducing tooth crevices to allow for easier cleaning at home

Enamoplasty

28

acrylic coating placed in pits and fissures, used to preserve enamel and curtail decay

Sealants

29

appliances to correct tooth grinding, thumb sucking. May also include devices that maintain spaces between teeth the correction of orthodontic anomalies

Orthodontics

30

to correct conditions, such as ankyloglossia, papilloma, odontoma, and abnormal freni (plural of frenum)

Oral surgery