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1

refers to inflammation of the dental pulp

Pulpitis

2

pertaining to within the tooth

endodontic

3

area around the root

periradicular (peri-radicu/l-ar) tissues

4

used to name the area around the apex.

periapical

5

state of tissue death

Necrosis

6

tissue is no longer vital, and damage is permanent and cannot be reversed

necrotic

7

state in which the tooth is loose within the socket and can be overly moved

hyperextension

8

decomposing and rotting pulp, causing a strong foul odor

Putrefaction

9

dental pain

Pulpalgia

10

painful response to factors such as cold, heat, and sweetness

Hypersensitivity

11

using the sense of touch to feel dental structures

Palpation

12

tapping, to hear the sound created

Percussion

13

ability to loosen and move a tooth within its socket

Mobility

14

passing light through dental tissue to disclose fractures

Transillumination

15

application of heat or cold, to assess sensitivity

Thermal test

16

scraping the exposed dentin, to determine presence of pain

Dentin stimulation

17

electrical stimulation to register sensitivity

Pulp vitality test

18

X-ray exam

Radiograph

19

inflammation around the tooth

Periodontitis

20

pus-containing sac

Suppurative abscess

21

inflammation around the cementum

Pericementitis

22

abnormal sac which contains a fluid or semi-solid material

Cyst

23

inflammation of cells in the subcutaneous (sub-cutane-ous) tissue or connective tissue

Cellulitis

24

inflammation of the bone

Osteomyelitis

25

scraping of the tooth’s apex to removal abnormal tissue

Curettage

26

cutting into the dental pulp

Pulpotomy

27

surgical removal of the tooth’s apex

Apicoectomy or tooth resection

28

severing the root from the remainder of the tooth

Root amputation

29

surgical removal of one root together with related dentin and corona, in a tooth with more than one root

Root hemisection

30

removal of the tooth’s entire pulp

Pulpectomy commonly termed root canal treatment