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1

color guide for matching shades

Shade guide

2

a study model that is a positive duplicate of the patient’s teeth

Model impression

3

holds whitening chemicals and shaped to fit the study model

Tray fabrication

4

shielding and protecting the gingivae from whitening chemical damage

Gingival isolation

5

whitening procedure

Tooth bleaching

6

acid solution is “painted” onto tooth surfaces

Acid brush

7

tray filled with gel or paste that is bitten into

Tray method

8

spreading of whitening gel onto tooth surfaces

Gel application

9

gel or liquid product is applied to the tooth surface, following the whitening process, to subdue any painful responses to the irritating lightening agents

Tooth desensitization

10

after tooth surfaces are roughened with a gel etch, a matching shade of composite material is applied to prepared teeth, smoothed and polished

Tooth bonding

11

tooth surfaces are covered with a porcelain material using one of two techniques:

Veneer or laminate application

12

similar to tooth bonding, but roughened teeth are covered with a white porcelain, rather than a composite material

Direct application

13

on a first visit, a small amount of enamel is removed from the teeth, and an impression is taken. The impression is used to make the new veneer cover, and during a second visit, this new covering is applied.

Indirect application

14

white composite material is used to replace an amalgam or gold filling

Cosmetic tooth restoration

15

prefabricated white restoration sealed “into” a cavity with cement

Inlay

16

prefabricated porcelain restoration cemented “atop” occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth or anterior lingual surfaces

Onlay

17

artificial substitute for the natural crown, with the use of white porcelain.

Dental crown

18

crown covers the entire tooth’s natural crown area

Full crown

19

crown covers 3 surfaces of the tooth

Three quarter

20

crown includes a metal pin inserted into the root to secure retention

Dowel

21

crown is placed over the anterior tooth like a “jacket”

Jacket

22

commonly used to make crowns. The top white porcelain layer is fused to the under-layer of gold or metal

PFM (porcelain fused to metal):

23

crown is a full porcelain crown, built without the use of metals

Procera crown

24

The amount of gingiva is either surgically reduced, or teeth are treated to give the gingivae a reduced appearance:

Gingival reduction

25

surgically shaping the gingivae to remove unwanted surplus of gingival tissue

Gingival contouring

26

exposing more tooth structure, providing the appearance of reduced gingivae

Crown lengthening

27

surgically excising (cutting) tissue over the crown, to expose the tooth

Exposing un-erupted teeth

28

Abnormal gingival tissue can be reconstructed or repaired with the addition of more tissue, to provide the appearance of more gingiva:

Gingival augmentation

29

extracting oral or palatal (palat-al) tissue and ‘relocating’ it to the required gingival area

Soft tissue grafting

30

adding to the gingival tissue that fills the spaces between the teeth

Interdental augmentation