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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (63)
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man-made appliances that act as substitutes for damaged or missing teeth

prostheses (plural of prosthesis

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non-removable devices

Fixed appliances

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devices that can be inserted into, and removed from the mouth

Removable appliances

4

usually fixed appliances

Dental implants

5

includes gold, platinum, nickel

Metals

6

for implants and posts

Titanium

7

fused to metal crowns to provide natural tooth appearances

Porcelain and PFM

8

mostly used to cover metal frameworks and act as a base for the denture

Acrylic

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non-metal material, fired at a very high temperature, to prefabricate substitute crowns

Ceramic

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prosthesis permanently attached to adjacent natural teeth. The natural teeth then provide support to the appliance

BridgeAlso called a fixed partial denture

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the artificial tooth that replaces the missing tooth

Pontic

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natural tooth that supports and anchors the bridge

Abutment

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neighboring teeth may be included in the appliance

Adjacent teeth

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substitute for the entire dentition. May be an upper arch, a lower arch, or both

Complete denture

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replaces one or more teeth in one arch

Partial denture

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prosthesis inserted immediately after removal of natural teeth

Immediate denture

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appliance that is supported by implant posts or prepared retained roots

Overdenture

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a basic metal foundation to which all other structures are attached

Framework May also be called a stroma

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saddle-shaped structure that lies on the gingivae

Saddle

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rigid metal structure that fits and rests on top of an adjacent tooth

Rest

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stabilizer that partially surrounds an adjacent tooth

Clasp

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structure that joins two quadrants of the same arch

Connector

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substitutes for natural teeth

Teeth

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substitute for gingiva

Base

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corresponds to natural tooth’s cervical line (area where enamel and cementum meet)

Flange

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area where the maxillary appliance ends on the soft palate

Post dam

27

surgical removal of portions of the alveolar bone to allow smoothness for proper denture fit.

Alveolectomy

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this suffix is a combination of ‘plasty’ and ‘otomy’. Cutting into and repairing, shaping and smoothing alveolar ridges following dental extraction

Alveoplastomy

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luxation and removal of teeth

Extraction

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refers to dislocating and displacing the tooth

Luxation