Flashcards in Chapter 13- Specific Occupancy Related Construction Hazards Deck (62)
Currently, there are five occupancy classifications of detention facilities, depending upon their level of restraint:
-Use condition 1: Free movement is permitted within the building from smoke compartment to smoke compartment as well as to the exterior.
-Use condition 2: Free movement is permitted within the building from smoke compartment to smoke compartment.
-Use condition 3: Free movement is permitted within the building within a smoke compartment; movement to other areas is by remote control release.
-Use condition 4: Free movement is permitted within an occupied space within a smoke compartment; movement to other areas of the smoke compartment or other smoke compartments is by remote control release.
-Use condition 5: Free movement is restricted from the occupied space; manual release is necessary to allow movement from the occupied space to other areas of the smoke compartment or other smoke compartments.
Schools often have some unique features. Their corridor widths are much larger than normal, __ feet in most cases.
Taxpayers generally have the following characteristics:
-They most often are of ordinary (Type 3) construction, usually with brick bearing walls and wood joist roof members.
-They commonly are one story in height, although two story variety can be found in many jurisdictions with apartments on the second and third floor.
-Depending on the region, many taxpayers can have full or partial basements.
-They usually are limited to approximately 6-10 small stores (or other commercial establishments).
-They most often have common cockloft or attic spaces.
Strip malls have the following characteristics:
-They may be of noncombustible, ordinary, or even wood frame construction (Types 2, 3, and 5 construction).
-When of noncombustible construction, strip malls have exterior walls of concrete block or concrete tilt walls with steel bar joist roof members and a metal deck supporting a built up roof.
-Contemporary ordinary construction strip malls use concrete block for exterior walls and solid wood joists or lightweight trusses to support a wood roof deck.
-Older ordinary construction strip malls may have large bowstring trusses.
-Some smaller strip malls may be built entirely of wood frame construction.
-Nearly all strip malls are one story, although a two story strip mall occasionally may be encountered.
-Based on region, strip malls may or may not have basements.
-They usually are larger than the taxpayers and may have as many as 15-20 small stores and a large anchor store or two.
-Strip malls usually have greater store depth than taxpayers. Strip mall anchor stores, such as supermarkets, may be more than 150 feet deep.
-They most often have common cockloft or attic spaces.
__ fire spread throughout the strip mall is probably the greatest concern.
A strip mall with steel bar joists and a built up roof can be subject to a __ __ fire.
Stages have a much more extensive fire protection requirements than platforms. Specifically, they must have:
-Fire resistant proscenium curtain
-Flame resistant scenery
-Heat vents over the stage
-2 hour rated separations between the stage and appurtenant rooms (dressing rooms, property rooms, etc.).
-Sprinkler protection over the stage and accessory rooms
-Special stage exits
-Class 2 standpipe with 1.5 inch hose and nozzle.
Building codes define underground buildings as having an occupied level at least __ feet below the level of exit discharge.
The code calls for the underground building to be provided with:
-Fire alarm system
-Public address system
-Smoke management system
When the occupied level is more than __ feet below the level of exit discharge, a __ __ that splits the floor level roughly in half and that runs vertically up through all underground levels, must be provided.
The solid __ __ parapeted through the roof is the most dependable fire barrier in a warehouse.
Note that fire codes call for fire fighter access doors every __ feet in a high piled stock warehouse.
Large stores (often called department stores) attached to the mall that have all of their required exits independent of the mall.
A large open space within a structure connecting two or more floors
Brick and mortar filling between studs utilized as a makeshift fire barrier.
The deterioration of a product by heating to high temperatures.
Smoke that falls downward.
A building or portion of a building within which hazardous materials are allowed to be stored, dispensed, used, or handled in quantities not exceeding the maximum allowable quantities.
A type of fast response sprinkler capable of providing fire suppression of specific high challenge fire hazards.
Early suppression/fast response (ESFR)
Hallways, corridors, passages or tunnels used as exit components and separated from other parts of the building in accordance with NFPA 101: Life Safety Code.
Required in most codes, this statement lists the materials, hazards, and quantities of hazardous material products within a building.
Hazardous materials inventory statement (HMIS)
Required in most codes, this plan explains how hazardous materials are to be stored and safely used within a building.
Hazardous materials management plan (HMMP)
A layer of air that is warmer than the air below.
The condition in which the atmospheric temperature is constantly decreasing as height increases.
A plan in which low height partitions create cubicles for personal space; essentially on large open room.
Open office plan
A material that is applied to a substrate and is designed to protect it from thermal effects.
Passive fire protection
In reference to atmospheric conditions, the layer of air warmer than the air below it.
Found on a stage, it is the large ornamental opening and wall that separates the audience from the stage.
Proscenium arch and wall