9: Attraction and Close Relationships Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9: Attraction and Close Relationships Deck (35)
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1

What was the Harvard Grant study?

Longitudinal study looking into what factors increase life satisfaction

2

Who were the participants of the Harvard Grant study?

724 men over a period of 75 years
At the beginning of the study, half had just graduated Harvard and half were from deprived Boston areas

3

What were the findings of the Harvard Grant study?

Good relationships keep us happier and healthier

Lonliness is very bad for us

It's the quality of relationships, not just the number of them

4

How is Maslow's hierarchy of needs linked to close relationships?

Love and belonging is the third pillar, placed above self-esteem and confidence which suggests it's an important part of our identity

5

What is the belongingness hypothesis?

Humans are motivated by a need to belong and need frequent positive interactions with a consistant group of people over a long period of time

Deprivation of this has bad concequences

Social exclusion is linked to physical pain

6

What is love?

A combination of emotions, cognitions and behaviour involved in intimate relationships

7

What are the kinds of love?

Passionate/romantic love: Intense emotional state with feelings such as sexuality, elation, pain, anxiety and jealousy

Compassionate love: Feelings of friendly affection and deep attatchments

8

What is passionate/romantic love?

Intense emotional state with feelings such as sexuality, elation, pain, anxiety and jealousy

9

What is compassionate love?

Feelings of friendly affection and deep attatchments

10

What is required for romantic love?

Cultural factors where love is acknowledged as a state
A subject to love
Emotional arousal self labeled love

11

What is the triangular theory of love?

Passion, intimacy and commitment are on the 3 corners, consummate love is in the middle as it uses all 3

12

What is colour theory?

There are 3 primary colours or styles of love. How they mix predicts the secondary characteristics of the relationships

13

According to colour theory, what are the types of love?

Eros
Storage
Ludus
Mania
Pragma
Agape

14

According to colour theory, what is the eros style of love?

Passionate love: An all-consuming emotional experiance

15

According to colour theory, what is the storage style of love?

Compassionae love: A friendship and comfortable intimacy

16

According to colour theory, what is the ludus style of love?

Game-playing love: Loves is a game that you have to win

17

According to colour theory, what is the pragma style of love?

Logical love: Relationship works well and they're compatiable partners

18

According to colour theory, what is the agape style of love?

Unconditional, caring, giving and forgiving

19

According to colour theory, what is the mania style of love?

Posessive love: Intense, jealous, obsessed

20

What is prototype love?

Some types of love are recogised faster if they are closer to what we see as a prototype

21

What is the process of relationship maintenence?

Passionate love dies down and compassionate love increases
Attatchment security increases
The relevance of social exchange increases
We adjust our perception of what our ideal is

22

What factors contribute to ongoing relationships?

Personal dedication and attraction
Moral commitment and a sense of obligation
Constrait commitment where it's costly to leave the relationship

23

What cognitive stratergies are used to maintain relationships?

Enhancing their virtues and downplaying their faults

Changing your expectations to fit more closely with what your partner has to offer

Adjust your perceptions so that your partner resembles your ideal

24

What are the phases of a break up?

Intrapsychic (Internal to each person)
Dyadic (Two person)
Social (Telling other people)
Grave-dressing (Reflection)

25

How does evolutionary psychology explain attractiveness?

We're motivated by reproductive fitness so find qualities attractive if they indicate health or fitness

26

What kind of faces are we most attracted to?

Symmetrical faces as asymmetry is caued by pathogens and mutations

Prototypical faces

27

How does proximity affect who we're attracted to?

We become friends with those who are sithin a functional distance to us such as those we might see often

28

Why are we attracted to people in close proximity to us?

We know we seem them regularily so make an effort to get along

29

What is the exposure effect?

When we are repeatedly exposed to someone, we see them as more attractive

30

Why are we more attracted to people we see as similar to ourselves?

It validates our own attitudes and helps us to think they're correct
They're more likely to love us back
Smooth interactions with less conflict