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Flashcards in 4: Self presentation Deck (46)
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1

What is the medieval view of the self?

They saw it as stable and fixed, including social class, location and family

2

What is the modern view of the self?

Flexiable and re-negociable

3

What are some reasons for the change in the view of the self between the medieval times and now?

Seculatisation
Industrialisation
Enlightenment
Psychoanalysis

4

What is James' definition of the self?

Two seperate aspects:

Me: The knowledge we have of ourselves

I: Our awarness (reflexively) of ourself

5

According to Brewer and Gardner, what are the 3 types of self?

Individual self: Personal traits that differentiate the self from others

Relational self: Connections and role relationships with significant others

Collective self: Group memberships that differentiate ‘us from them’

6

According to Brewer and Gardener, what is individual self?

Personal traits that differentiate ourselves from others

Eg: Being good at tennis

7

According to Brewer and Gardener, what is relational self?

Connections and role relationship with others

Eg: Idea of what it means to be a mother

8

According to Brewer and Gardener, what is collective self?

Group memberships that differentiate 'us from them'

9

What is the 'me' part of James' definition of the self?

The knowledge we have about ourselves (Object)

10

What is the 'i' part of James' definition of the self?

Our reflexive awareness of ourselves (Subject)

We can reflect on who we are to others and can think about who we are

11

When does self-awareness surface in our development

18 months to 2 years old

12

What is a self-schema?

Our knowledge about our self-concept

It influences our processing and behaviour

13

What is a social identity?

The self defined in terms of group memberships (Collective self)

14

What is personal identity?

Defines the self in terms of traits and close personal relationships (Individual self)

15

What are some self-comparison theories?

Self-awareness theory

Self-discrepancy theory

Regulatory focus theory

Self-perception theory

16

Who came up with self-awareness theory?

Duval and Wicklund

17

What is self-awareness theory?

When we become self-conscious, we compare our behaviour with internal standards and values.

If current behaviour is inconsistent with them, we change our behaviour or try to leavethe situation

18

What are the two types of self described in self-awareness theory?

Private and public self

19

What is individualization? (Self-awareness theory)

When people don't have awareness of themselves as distinct individuals so fail to monitor their actions and act impulsively

20

Who came up with self-discrepancy theory?

Higgins

21

What is self-discrepancy theory?

We pick up on discrepancies between our actual self and our ideal/ought self and aim to reduce them through self-regulation

22

According to self-discrepancy theory, what are the 3 types of self?

Actual self: What we actually are in the moment

Ideal self: Who we aim to be

Ought self: What we think others want us to be

23

According to self-discrepancy theory, what is actual self?

What we actually are in the moment

24

According to self-discrepancy theory, what ideal self?

Who we would like to be

25

According to self-discrepancy theory, what ought self

Who we think we should be according to others

26

According to self-discrepancy theory, what is self-regulation?

Stratergies we use to try and match our actual self with our ideal and ought self

27

What do we feel when there is a discrepancy between our actual and ideal self?

Disappointed, dissatisfied, sad

28

What do we feel when there is a discrepancy between our actual and ought self?

Anxious, threatened, fearful

29

Who came up with regulatory focus theory?

Higgins

30

What is regulatory process theory?

We have two seperate reglatory systems:

The promotion system: This is the attainment of hopes and dreams, being sensitive to positive events and using approach strategic means to achieve our goals

The prevention system: This is the fulfillment of duties and obligations, sensitive to negative events and using avoidance strategic means to achieve their goals such as avoiding certain types of failure