Flashcards in 4: Self presentation Deck (46)
What is the medieval view of the self?
They saw it as stable and fixed, including social class, location and family
What is the modern view of the self?
Flexiable and re-negociable
What are some reasons for the change in the view of the self between the medieval times and now?
What is James' definition of the self?
Two seperate aspects:
Me: The knowledge we have of ourselves
I: Our awarness (reflexively) of ourself
According to Brewer and Gardner, what are the 3 types of self?
Individual self: Personal traits that differentiate the self from others
Relational self: Connections and role relationships with significant others
Collective self: Group memberships that differentiate ‘us from them’
According to Brewer and Gardener, what is individual self?
Personal traits that differentiate ourselves from others
Eg: Being good at tennis
According to Brewer and Gardener, what is relational self?
Connections and role relationship with others
Eg: Idea of what it means to be a mother
According to Brewer and Gardener, what is collective self?
Group memberships that differentiate 'us from them'
What is the 'me' part of James' definition of the self?
The knowledge we have about ourselves (Object)
What is the 'i' part of James' definition of the self?
Our reflexive awareness of ourselves (Subject)
We can reflect on who we are to others and can think about who we are
When does self-awareness surface in our development
18 months to 2 years old
What is a self-schema?
Our knowledge about our self-concept
It influences our processing and behaviour
What is a social identity?
The self defined in terms of group memberships (Collective self)
What is personal identity?
Defines the self in terms of traits and close personal relationships (Individual self)
What are some self-comparison theories?
Regulatory focus theory
Who came up with self-awareness theory?
Duval and Wicklund
What is self-awareness theory?
When we become self-conscious, we compare our behaviour with internal standards and values.
If current behaviour is inconsistent with them, we change our behaviour or try to leavethe situation
What are the two types of self described in self-awareness theory?
Private and public self
What is individualization? (Self-awareness theory)
When people don't have awareness of themselves as distinct individuals so fail to monitor their actions and act impulsively
Who came up with self-discrepancy theory?
What is self-discrepancy theory?
We pick up on discrepancies between our actual self and our ideal/ought self and aim to reduce them through self-regulation
According to self-discrepancy theory, what are the 3 types of self?
Actual self: What we actually are in the moment
Ideal self: Who we aim to be
Ought self: What we think others want us to be
According to self-discrepancy theory, what is actual self?
What we actually are in the moment
According to self-discrepancy theory, what ideal self?
Who we would like to be
According to self-discrepancy theory, what ought self
Who we think we should be according to others
According to self-discrepancy theory, what is self-regulation?
Stratergies we use to try and match our actual self with our ideal and ought self
What do we feel when there is a discrepancy between our actual and ideal self?
Disappointed, dissatisfied, sad
What do we feel when there is a discrepancy between our actual and ought self?
Anxious, threatened, fearful
Who came up with regulatory focus theory?