10: Intergroup Relations and Social Groups Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10: Intergroup Relations and Social Groups Deck (16)
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1

What is a stereotype?

An association of a social group with specific characteristics

2

What is prejudice?

An unfavourable attitude towards a social group and it's members

3

What is discimination?

A behavioural expression of a prejudice

4

What is the three componant attitude model of prejudice?

Cognitive: Our beliefs
Affective: Strong feelings
Conative: Behavioural intention

5

What is the effect of prejudice on self esteem?

Stigmatized groups are devalued by society and find it difficult to avoid negative evaluations

As a result this can become internalized and damage wellbeing

6

What is stereotype threat?

The fear that you'll confirm negative stereotypes about the group you belong to. People get nervous and perform worse

7

How can prejudice cause dehumanization?

In severe cases, groups are reduced to a less than human status where ingroups have more human essence

This can be subtle or explicit

8

How can we explain prejudice with right wing authoritarianism?

Authoritarians protect their value system by devaluing outgroups. They see themselves as moral and justified

9

How can we explain prejudice with social dominance theory?

One group will always be more valued than another

10

How can we explain prejudice with social identity theory?

People are biased in favour of their own group

Prejudice is an attempt to enhance self esteem and reduce uncertainty

11

What is hostile sexism?

Subjective negative views towards women

12

What is benevolent sexism?

Restricting roles yet having positive emotions

13

How is sexism expressed through paternalism?

Dominance and protection

14

How is sexism expressed through gender differentiation?

Complementry and competitive - justification for the division of labour

15

How is sexism expressed through heterosexuality?

Hostile and intimate with a dependancy on women

16

What is the modern view of racism?

The assumption that discrimination is a thing of the past so the demands of minorities are unfair and they are undeserving of gains