Week Twelve - Social Cognition Flashcards Preview

PSY224 - Behavioural & Cognitive Neuroscience (PART TWO) > Week Twelve - Social Cognition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week Twelve - Social Cognition Deck (23)
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1

What is Social Cognitive Neuroscience?

Understanding how brain function supports the cognitive processes underlying social behaviour

2

What did Walter Freeman do?

Performed a frontal lobotomy using an ice-pick. Was used to treat people with depression by destroying cells

3

What is self-referential processing?

Thinking about anything that is in relation to yourself

4

What is mindblindness?

Inability to properly represent the mental states of other

5

What are the core features of autism?

Mindblindness
Qualitative impairment in social interaction
Repetitive patterns of behaviour and interests
These must be present in early development period

6

What have eye tracing studies found regarding autistic people?

Normal people typically look at the eyes to get information (65% of time is spent staring at the eyes)

Autistic people tend to look at the mouth

7

PET scans and schizophrenia?

Activity in the PFC is different in schizophrenic patients (show hypo-metabolism and little SRP)

8

PET scans and depression?

Depressed people show high activation in SRP (think about themselves more)

9

What is the self-reference effect?

Enhanced memory for information processed in relation to the self

10

What have studies found in relation to the self-reference effect?

More medial prefrontal cortex with self-referential processing

11

When we are asked to think about nothing, what typically occurs?

We actually think about ourselves in some way - this is the default mode network

12

What is the Sentinel Hypothesis?

Default network is there to ensure we always have some idea of what is going on around us

13

When is our default network most active?

When we are inwardly focused and there is a lack of attention on external stimuli

14

Explain the study results on likert response on the self?

There is less deactivation in the anterior cingulate cortex associated with rating positive personality traits in comparison to negative personality traits (ie when we rate 3 or 4) there is much less signal decrease in positive than negative

15

Explain Orbitofrontal damaged people and their perceptions of their conversations

People with orbitofrontal damage rate themselves lower than previously after watching a playback of themselves having a conversation

Controls rate higher

16

What is the Theory of Mind?

The ability to infer the mental states of other people

17

What is Empathy?

Our capacity to understand and respond to the unique experiences of another person

18

What is Empathic Understanding?

A perceiver's accuracy in inferring a target persons thoughts and feelings

19

Babies and their ability to process information about faces

Babies are quick to process information about faces and use the same neural structures for this as adults BUT it takes much longer before they start incorporating contextual information and understanding what others are thinking (eg metaphors, jokes etc)

20

What is the stimulation theory?

When observing another's behaviour, we imagine it unconsciously through mirror neurons and then have a physiological response that we feel and interpret that the other person had the same feeling

INFERRING OTHER PEOPLE'S THOUGHTS

21

Monkey mirror neuron experiment

Regardless of whether the monkey is opening the peanut himself, watching someone else do it, or even if he just hears it, the neurons have pretty much the same activity.

When we watch others, we understand what they are doing because out brain activates the neural structures that would be engaged if we were carryout out that action ourselves

22

Explain the experience and perceptionof disgust

They both activate similar regions within the anterior insula regardless of whether it is you or someone else experiencing it

23

Explain the basis of the MPFC task in personality inference and sequencing

MPFC activity was associated with forming impressions but not for sequencing EVEN THOUGH they had to think about other people in both conditions.