Flashcards in Two selves Deck (15)
What are the two selves?
The experiencing self
The remembering self
What is the experienced utility?
Hedonic experience - pleasure and pain
What is the decision utility?
Wants and desires
Based on memory and projection
Asking people how unpleasant something is
At the time vs after the event judgements of pain in real colonscopies
Judgements were based on the worst moment and end moment, the total duration did not matter
Cold pressor experiment
60 seconds with hand in water at 14 degrees, as above plus 30 seconds at 15 degrees
choose which you would prefer to repeat
80% choose 2nd
if water was warmer at the end, didn't think it was so bad
people neglect duration and focus on worst point and end point
After death experiment
Feel bad for a person who was cheating on them, even if they never knew when they were alive
James dean effect
Jen lived to 30/60 happy or to 30/60 happy plus 5 years
ratings of total happiness of life were independent of total duration but strongly affected by whether the last five worse years were there
How to measure experience?
Measures of experienced well being
How to measure remembering?
Measures of evaluation of a whole life or part of it - making judgements about their life
Experienced well being
Stop and get asked how you are feeling right then
World poll - allows more and more people to be tested
EWB vs life evaluation - education
Increases life evaluation, but may decrease experienced well being because of stress and anxiety
EWB vs life evaluation - ill health, religion, having kids
Affects experienced well being, on the day, feel restricted by children
but overall, pleased having them
EWB vs life evaluation - wealth
Increases life evaluation but has little effect of experienced well being above 75k per household - if you earn more, don't feel any happier on day to day basis
Life evaluation facts
Marriage has little overall effect, but probably because it makes some things better and some worse - time with friends
Nothing in life is as important as you think it is when you are thinking about it - focusing illusion
People think Californians are happier than average because they enjoy their climate, they do like their climate, but they don't spend much time thinking about it, so it doesn't have much impact