Flashcards in Sign Language Deck (11)
What is unusual?
There are many ways languages varies between people - everyone has their own experience
Impaired language production or processing - agnosia, dyslexia
Enhanced language production or processing - poets, writers
Example of language talent
Hearing one language and producing another one simultaneously
Why study people with unusual language abilities?
There different abilities are interesting in themselves - understand the nature of these and how they influence lives
Aid of improve lives- raise awareness of diversity, treatments/therapies
Illuminate process of communication and language generally - stress test - patterns of advantage/difficulty highlight structure
Is sign language a language?
Are sign languages the same in all languages?
No, they rare distinct languages. BSL and ASL are not dialects like British and American English, shares some similar words but not mutually intelligible
different from sign supported language and makaton
What brain regions are used for sign language?
Broca and Wernicks area - lesions result in similar patterns of impairment as language - shows sign languages uses the same brain areas as spoken language
Similarities to spoken language
Sign language have their own grammar, vocal, prosody, have own phonology (handshakes, expressions)
Babies exposed to sign babble with their hands the same way speech-exposed babies do with sounds
What are the major parameters of sign language?
The form or configuration taken on by the hand
the orientation of the hand takes on while making the sound
the location in which the sound is performed
the movement the hand describes
What are minimal pairs?
Two words with different meanings that only differ by one sound e.g. pat/bat/car
ASL has minimal pairs - same location and gesture but different hand shape, will create a different sign
Differences to spoken language
Grammaticized facial expressions- these must be performed in order for meaning to be fully expressed, children acquire these at the same time. Leads to enhanced facial discrimination ability
Iconicity - they are not gesture or pantomime but contain iconic items