Topic 10 - Animal Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 10 - Animal Treatments Deck (22)
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1

Why do we give animals medication?

To treat, control, prevent disease, minimise pain & restrain

2

Describe the different routes of administration

Topic
inhalation
enteric
parenteral injection

3

List the different kinds of parenteral injection

Intradermal (ID)
Subcutaneous (SC)
Intramuscular (IM)
Intravenous (IV)
Intraperitoneal (IP)
Intracardiac (IC)

4

What factors must we consider when choosing route of medication?

nature of drug
nature of disease
size of animal/ability to handle
volume required
required time of med onset
req. length of action
speed of absorption

5

When administrating drugs using sharps you should always:

use a fresh, sharp needle
restrain patient
clip site if needed
swab w/ 70% alcohol
point bevel away from skin

6

List the two broad actions of drugs on the body

local effect
systemic effect

7

How are drugs metabolised in the body?

Dispersed through BS
reach certain [ ] evenly
carried around body till reaches target site => enters target cells

8

Drugs are continuously removed from circulation by..?

1. liver
2. kidneys
3. breathed out (volatile drugs)
4. storage in fatty tissue

9

Explain oral administration and list some positive and negatives

acts locally in GIT or systemically
A:

10

Explain ID administration and list some positive and negatives

ID allergen testing, forms bleb
A: sml amounts, local affect
D: techinically difficult, irritating

11

Explain SC administration and list some positive and negatives

under skin
A: simple,

12

Explain IM administration and list some positive and negatives

Deep into muscle tissue
A: increased absorption and drug [ ] in blood, prolonged duration of effect, good for difficult animals
D: avoid damage to nerve, sml V only, risk of abscess/tissue rxn

13

Explain IV administration and list some positive and negatives

venepuncture;
A: rapid admin, rapid > [ ] & systemic effect, lrg quantities over long periods, irritant drugs can go via
D: embolism, vital asepsis, technically difficult

14

Describe the size of needle and site of admin for venepuncture in cats

needle size: 21-23g
site: cephalic, jugular vein

15

Describe the size of needle and place of admin for venepuncture in dogs

needle size: 21-23g
site: cephalic, jugular, saphenous vein

16

Describe the size of needle and place of admin for venepuncture in horses

needle size: 18g
site: jugular

17

Describe the method of administration for IV injections

1. safely restrain animal
2. shave/swab site
3. remove air from syringe
4. raise vein
5. insert needle w. bevel up
6. draw back -check for blood
7. release proximal compression, inject slowly
8. when finished, draw needle quickly applying pressure to site for 1min
9. check no haemorrhage has occurred

18

List the drug & poisons schedule

Schedule 2: pharmacy meds
3: pharmacist only meds
4: prescription only
5: caution
6: poison
7: dangerous poison
8: controlled drugs (drugs of addiction)

19

Describe analgesics

Drugs used to control pain
Opiods e.g. morphine, methadone, pethidine
=> cause inhibit release of pain neurotransmitters
=> DO NOT reduce inflamm

20

Describe NSAIDS (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflamm Drugs)

e.g. meloxicam, BUTE, aspirin
=> DO NOT ACT ON CNS
=> Reduce inflamm
=> act by interfering w/ prostaglandin production
=> inhibit COX1 & COX2
=> can cause GI distress, stomach bleeding, ulcers & altered platelet function

21

Describe steroidal anti-inflamm drugs

corticosteroids
reduce inflamm
suppress immune sys :: should never be administered w/ NSAIDS

22

Describe action of local anaethesia

block nerve impulse conduction