Flashcards in Topic 7 - Infection Control Deck (16)
Any abnormality, disorder, injury or malfunction in an organism
What is a pathogen?
Microorganism capable of causing disease
Name 3 notifiable diseases in NSW
Describe the chain of infection
=>portal of exit
=>mode of transmission (airborne, droplet, contact, vector)
=>portal of entry
List some common animal viruses
Dogs - parvo
List some methods for breaking the chain of infection
Hygiene standards (cleaning methods etc)
removal of most disease causing microorganisms on inanimate objects
removal of most disease causing microorganisms from live tissue
Destruction of all disease causing mircoorganisms
List some nonliving/noninfectious causes of disease
genetic, nutritional, stress-induced (psychological), hormonal, metabolic, poisonings, cancers and trauma.
List some portal of exits
Blood or pus
What is a vector?
A vector is a parasite that spreads microscopic pathogens from one host organism to another
What is a fomite?
A fomite is an inanimate object that has been contaminated eg with a secretion or faeces, that an animal comes in contact with
Chlorhexidine, Povidone iodine, Cetrimide are disinfectants. T or F?
FALSE. They are antiseptics