Topic 7 - Infection Control Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 7 - Infection Control Deck (16)
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1

Define disease

Any abnormality, disorder, injury or malfunction in an organism

2

What is a pathogen?

Microorganism capable of causing disease

3

Name 3 notifiable diseases in NSW

Hendra virus
Anthrax
Avian influenza

4

Describe the chain of infection

Pathogenic organism
=> reservoir
=>portal of exit
=>mode of transmission (airborne, droplet, contact, vector)
=>portal of entry
=>host susceptibilty

5

List some common animal viruses

Dogs - parvo
Cats -calicivirus
Horse -strangles

6

List some methods for breaking the chain of infection

ISO
PPE
Vaccination
Parasite control
Good health
Lower stress
Hand hygiene
Hygiene standards (cleaning methods etc)

7

Define cleaning

removing dirt

8

Define Disinfection

removal of most disease causing microorganisms on inanimate objects

9

Define Antisepsis

removal of most disease causing microorganisms from live tissue

10

Define asepsis

Destruction of all disease causing mircoorganisms

11

List some nonliving/noninfectious causes of disease

genetic, nutritional, stress-induced (psychological), hormonal, metabolic, poisonings, cancers and trauma.

12

List some portal of exits

Nose
Mouth
Blood or pus
Urine
Rectum

13

What is a vector?

A vector is a parasite that spreads microscopic pathogens from one host organism to another

14

What is a fomite?

A fomite is an inanimate object that has been contaminated eg with a secretion or faeces, that an animal comes in contact with

15

Chlorhexidine, Povidone iodine, Cetrimide are disinfectants. T or F?

FALSE. They are antiseptics

16

List some hazards to animal and human health from food sources

Mycotoxins

Salmonellosis

Listeriosis

Leptospirosis