The Nuremberg Trials (10) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Nuremberg Trials (10) Deck (9)
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1

What happened when the Allied forces reached Berlin in May 1945?

Hitler committed suicide and Nazi Germany surrendered.

2

what happened to other Nazi leaders?

Also committed suicide.

3

What did the Allies decide?

The remaining Nazi leaders should be held responsible for their actions and should be punished. They wanted to show the world that actions carried out by the Nazis were crimes, and that respect for human dignity was more important than national laws.

4

Why were the trials publicised?

So that everyone would know what had happened and would realise that people have be accountable for their actions.

5

What did the allies set up?

An international court at Nuremberg.

6

In November 1945, __ leading Nazis were put on trial. They were charged with crimes against peace and crimes against ___. ___ of them were found guilty, and ___ were sentenced to death and the others given prison sentences.

22
humanity
19
12

7

What type of Nazis were put on trial for the next few years? (4)

-Concentration camp guards
-Army officers
-Industrialists who had used slave labour in their factories or who had manufactured poisonous gas
-Doctors who had carried out inhumane medical experiments

8

What questions does the genocide in Nazi Germany raise us to reflect on today?

Ethical responsibility of educated people to their society.

9

Give an example of Ethical Irresponsibility?

The use of specialised knowledge such as medicine, in ways which abuse humans rather than heal them.