From persecution to mass murder: 'The Final Solution' (9) Flashcards Preview

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Where had Hitler written about his extreme prejudice against the Jews?

Mein Kampf (My Struggle).


What was Mein Kampf?

This was the book about Hitler's life and his political views which he wrote long before he became the leader of Germany.


What did the Nazi government encourage people to do to Jewish-owned shops and businesses?

It encouraged them to boycott these shops. Units of SA men rammed the streets and stood outside Jewish shops, terrorising their owners.


What were Jews dismissed from in 1933?

Employment in the civil service, education, the newspapers and in any form of entertainment.


What were the Nuremberg Laws passed in 1935?

The Nuremberg Laws were antisemitic and racist laws in Nazi Germany. They were enacted by the Reichstag on 15 September 1935. The two laws were the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour, which forbade marriages and extramarital intercourse between Jews and Germans and the employment of German females under 45 in Jewish households, and the Reich Citizenship Law, which declared that only those of German or related blood were eligible to be Reich citizens.


What happened to the property Jews who left Germany owned?

It was seized by the state.


Other laws banned Jews from attending _____ or using theatres, ____ or sports fields.



What did Jews have to wear?

Star of David badge to identify them as Jews when they appeared in public.


What small personal freedoms were taken away from Jews? (3)

Right to own a telephone or radio or pet.


What was the Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass) in November 1938?

A German diplomat in Paris was assassinated by a Jewish man. The Nazis used this as an excuse to launch an attack on Jewish shops, homes and synagogues all over Germany.


Why was it named The Night of Broken Glass?

Thousands of pieces of broken glasses were lying in the streets. After this, thousands of pieces of Jews were arrested and sent to concentration amps where they were forced to do hard labour.


Where we Jews forced to live after areas of Eastern Europe came under Nazi control?

Jews were forced to liv in overcrowded Ghettos, isolated from the rest of the population.


What are ghettos?

Areas of a city, often a slum area, where minority groups are forced to live especially as a result of social or economic conditions.


Where was the largest ghetto?

The Warsaw Ghetto, in Poland where 450 000 people were forced to live in an area big enough for only 100 000.


What was the final solution?

The policy of persecution which became one of genocide, and death camps were set up in an attempt to kill all the Jews in Europe.


Jews were sent to death camps in overcrowded ____ trucks. There they were put to death with ______ gas and their bodies burned. An estimated __ million Jews died in these death camps, most of them citizens of ____ European countries.



How did Jews resist oppression?

Many of them escaped to other countries.


Why did it become hard for Jews to leave?

Many countries did not want Jewish refugees. This was partly because these countries had economic difficulties of their own.. And also because of a dislike of foreigners.


In some countries people were also anti-____.



What did the Jews who'd decided to stay in Germany fail to realise?

The policy of discrimination was becoming one of genocide, and it was too late.


What acts of resistance did some Jews perform? (2)

-The Jews in Warsaw fought back until they ran out of food, water and ammunition.
-In Sobidor death camp in Poland, 600 prisoners attacked their guards and managed to escape.


What happend when Allied forces came across concentration camps?

Set the Jews and other prisoners free. But in most cases, entire families and communities had been destroyed