What were the Nazi ideas about race and eugenics? How did they apply them in Germany? (6) Flashcards Preview

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Which theories were the Nazi ideas of race based on?

The theories of Social Darwinism and eugenics, especially the writings of Ernst Haeckel.


What Ernst Haeckel belief did the Nazis adopt?

They adopted his belief that tall, blonde and blue-eyed Europeans were superior to all other people, and that the extermination of other 'inferior' people would mean progress for the human race.


What Eugen Fischer belief influenced the Nazis?

His ideas about eugenics and racial purity, and by the work of eugenicists who supported sterilisation programmes in the USA.


The Nazis believed that society was divided into a _____ of races.



What was the Ayran race?

Hitler used the word 'Aryan' to describe his idea of a 'pure German race' or Herrenvolk. The 'Aryan race' had a duty to control the world. The Nazis believed that the Aryans had the most "pure blood" of all the people on earth. The ideal Aryan had pale skin, blond hair and blue eyes.


They used ____ to discriminate against those they thought were inferior, which meant all other people who were not ___. This led to the ____ of millions.



True or false
Nazi beliefs became official state policy



Give an example of how Nazi beliefs became official state policy.

Theories about race were presented as scientific fact in textbooks.


How did they preserve the purity of the German nation?

Marriage or sexual relations between Germans and other 'inferior' races were outlawed. These ideas were even taught at school.


What happened to those seen to have been genetically inferior by the Nazis?

Forcibly sterilised so that they could not have children.


What did the Nazis do to disabled people?

They thought that people with mental disabilities or illness should be removed from society. Disabled or handicapped people were excluded from society.


Disabled people were locked up in ____, and many were used in cruel scientific experiments.



The theories of eugenics were also used to justify ____.



Who was killed in a 'euthanasia campaign'?

70 000 and 93 000 mentally ill patients in institutions and clinics.


What is euthanasia?

Causing someone to die gently and without pain, if they are suffering from an incurable disease or irreversible coma.


What the Nazi idea called Volksgemeinschaft?

This was the community of healthy Aryans working for the good of the nation. The nation's needs were seen as more important than individual rights. People who did not support general good were seen as outsiders who should be removed from society.


Who did the Nazis believe had the duty to have as many children as possible?

People of pure Aryan blood.


What was the role of women under the Nazis?

Women were encouraged to produce and nurture children at home rather than joining the workforce.


In this way Nazi Germany planned to build up a strong '____ race' of racially pure Germans.