How did Hitler consolidate power from 1933 to 1934? (5) Flashcards Preview

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1

What is a totalitarian?

A state in which the government or a political party has total power, no opposition is allowed.

2

When did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany?

January 1933

3

Why had other political leaders asked Hitler to be chancellor?

They hoped that the Nazis would solve the economic problems facing Germany during the Depression.

4

But within a year, the Nazis had changed Germany into a totalitarian _____.

Dictatorship

5

How did the Nazis get rid of the communists?

They accused them of burning down the German Reichstag (parliament) building and got them banned from parliament. A

6

What was the first step in making Nazi Germany, a totalitarian dictatorship?

Get rid of their biggest rivals, the communists.

7

What was the second step in making Nazi Germany, a totalitarian dictatorship?

Persuaded the other parties to pass the Enabling Act.

8

What did the passing of the Enabling Act entail?

It allowed the Nazis to make all laws for four years. Shortly afterwards the Nazis all other parties and Germany became a one-party-state.

9

The _____ ____ were the only party which voted against the Enabling Act.

The Social Democrats.

10

What was the Enabling Act?

The Enabling Act of 1933 gave the Nazis power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag, giving Adolph Hitler absolute power.

11

What was the third step in making Nazi Germany, a totalitarian dictatorship?

The legal system also came under Nazi control, there were no independent judges and there was no chance of a fair trial and no justice.

12

In this Nazi state, Hitler was the all-powerful leader, the ____.

Fuhrer

13

Summary of the 3 steps, in making Nazi Germany, a totalitarian dictatorship.

1. Get rid of their biggest rivals, the communists.
2. Persuaded the other parties to pass the Enabling Act.
3.The legal system also came under Nazi control

14

How did the Nazis gain support?

Propaganda

15

How did the Nazis implement a policy of strict censorship?

All forms of the media,- the radio, the press and films- were strictly controlled. No criticism of the government was allowed and anti-Nazi books were burnt on public bonfires.

16

As a result of censorship who left Germany?

Several of the country's most famous writers and scientists .

17

What did the Nazis use the education system for?

To influence the younger generation.

18

How was the education system Nazified?

Textbooks were rewritten to support Nazi views and teachers had to join the Nazi Teacher's League. Children were taught to support the Nazis and serve Hitler.

19

The youth were encouraged to join the Nazi Youth Movements such as the ____ Youth.

Hitler

20

How did the Nazis try to control churches?

An official Nazi Church was established, and independent church schools and youth leagues were closed down.

21

Who were the Gestapo?

Nazi secret police, to crush opposition. They used spies to report on anyone who criticised Hitler or the Nazi Party.

22

People who opposed the Nazis were sent to ____ ____.

Concentration Camps

23

Who were the SS?

The armed military unit which carried out Hitler's brutal command.

24

A branch of the ___ controlled the concentration camps.

SS

25

Why did the Hitler struggle to get the support of the army?

Its leaders were concerned about the violent behaviour of the SA, the Nazi Stormtroopers.

26

How did Hitler gain support from the army?

He disbanded the SA, after ordering the murder of its leaders.

27

What does disbanded mean?

Break up or cause to break up.

28

What was the result of Hitler becoming the Commander-in-chief of the army?

All officers had to swear an oath of loyalty to him personally.

29

What was the rearmament programme?

A plan to build up the Germany army, navy and airforce.

30

Why did he start the rearmament programme?

After Germany's defeat in WW1, Germany was forced to disband most its military forces and have limited arms production.