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Flashcards in The Four Noble Truths Deck (63)
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1

What are the 4 noble truths?

1. Dukkha
2. Samudaya
3. Nirodha
4. Magga

2

What does dukkha mean?

Suffering, pain, sorrow

3

What is the eight-fold path?

R. Understanding
R. Thoughts
R. Speech
R. Actions
R. Livelihood
R. Effort
R. Mindfulness
R. Concentration

4

What does the dharma wheel represent?

The totality of the Buddha’s teaching and the interconnectedness of all things

5

What is the deer park sermon?

Where Buddha taught the 4 noble truths

6

What is samudaya?

The cause of the suffering

7

What is nirodha?

That dukkha can cease

8

What are the 3 types of dukkha?

1. Dukkha- Dukkha
2. Viparinama- Dukkha
3. Samkhara - Dukkha

9

What is Dukkha-Dukkha?

All kind of suffering in life: birth, old age, sickness, death etc

10

What is viparinama- Dukkha?

Suffering produced by change. Pleasant and happy feelings or conditions in life are not permanent. They will change

11

What is samkhara- Dukkha?

A combination of ever- changing mental and physical forces which can be divided into five aggregates.

12

What are the 5 aggregates?

1. Matter
2. Sensations
3. Perceptions
4. Mental formations
5. Consciousness

13

What does the 5 khandhas teach?

The teaching of Anatta (non self)

14

What is dependent origination?

Step by step explanation of samsara

15

What is dependent origination also known as?

Paticca- samupadda

16

What is samsara?

The cycle of repeated birth and death

17

What is the principle of conditionality?

The principle teaches:
- everything is maintained by a complex web of conditions
- everything part of the network of conditions
- whole of existence is process of flux and change

18

What does dependent origination refer to?

Refer to the idea that as long as we remain ignorant we will continue to create karma and continue to be reborn into this world of suffering and pain

19

What is karma?

Deliberate or ‘volitional’ actions that leads to dukkha.

20

What is the law of karma?

- It states that actions have consequences.
- everything is subject to change
- does not mean that everything that happens to us is the result of karma
- applies only to deliberate or ‘willed’ actions
- positive Behavior have positive consequences whilst negative behaviour have negative actions

21

What are the three root poisons?

Greed, hatred and ignorance

22

What are the 4 key types of craving?

1. Kama- Tanha
2. Bhava- tanha
3. Vibhava- tanha
4. Dhamma- tanha

23

What is karma-tanha?

Thirst for sense- pleasures to have pleasant experiences

24

What is bhava- tanha?

Thirst for existence and becoming. To want something or to be someone

25

What is vibhava-tanha?

Thirst for non-existence or to get rid of the unpleasant experiences in life

26

What is damma-tanha?

Thirst for ideas and ideals, views, opinions, theories, concepts and beliefs

27

What is nirodha?

The ending of suffering (cessation)

28

What must a person stop to be no longer the chain of rebecoming?

Craving and non-attachment

29

What is nibbana?

A mental or psychological state free from dukkha

30

What is magga?

A path that leads to the ending of dukkha. Using the eightfold path