Flashcards in The Four Noble Truths Deck (63)
What are the 4 noble truths?
What does dukkha mean?
Suffering, pain, sorrow
What is the eight-fold path?
What does the dharma wheel represent?
The totality of the Buddha’s teaching and the interconnectedness of all things
What is the deer park sermon?
Where Buddha taught the 4 noble truths
What is samudaya?
The cause of the suffering
What is nirodha?
That dukkha can cease
What are the 3 types of dukkha?
1. Dukkha- Dukkha
2. Viparinama- Dukkha
3. Samkhara - Dukkha
What is Dukkha-Dukkha?
All kind of suffering in life: birth, old age, sickness, death etc
What is viparinama- Dukkha?
Suffering produced by change. Pleasant and happy feelings or conditions in life are not permanent. They will change
What is samkhara- Dukkha?
A combination of ever- changing mental and physical forces which can be divided into five aggregates.
What are the 5 aggregates?
4. Mental formations
What does the 5 khandhas teach?
The teaching of Anatta (non self)
What is dependent origination?
Step by step explanation of samsara
What is dependent origination also known as?
What is samsara?
The cycle of repeated birth and death
What is the principle of conditionality?
The principle teaches:
- everything is maintained by a complex web of conditions
- everything part of the network of conditions
- whole of existence is process of flux and change
What does dependent origination refer to?
Refer to the idea that as long as we remain ignorant we will continue to create karma and continue to be reborn into this world of suffering and pain
What is karma?
Deliberate or ‘volitional’ actions that leads to dukkha.
What is the law of karma?
- It states that actions have consequences.
- everything is subject to change
- does not mean that everything that happens to us is the result of karma
- applies only to deliberate or ‘willed’ actions
- positive Behavior have positive consequences whilst negative behaviour have negative actions
What are the three root poisons?
Greed, hatred and ignorance
What are the 4 key types of craving?
1. Kama- Tanha
2. Bhava- tanha
3. Vibhava- tanha
4. Dhamma- tanha
What is karma-tanha?
Thirst for sense- pleasures to have pleasant experiences
What is bhava- tanha?
Thirst for existence and becoming. To want something or to be someone
What is vibhava-tanha?
Thirst for non-existence or to get rid of the unpleasant experiences in life
What is damma-tanha?
Thirst for ideas and ideals, views, opinions, theories, concepts and beliefs
What is nirodha?
The ending of suffering (cessation)
What must a person stop to be no longer the chain of rebecoming?
Craving and non-attachment
What is nibbana?
A mental or psychological state free from dukkha