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Flashcards in Aristotle Deck (27)
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1

What was Aristotle?

Empiricist

2

What does substance mean?

Matter and form

3

What does form mean?

Structure, key characteristics

4

What is prime matter?

Substance which could have no mater but no form

5

What is potentiality?

Something contains the ingredients or inherit qualities to become something

6

What is actuality?

Object fulfils its potential and becomes something else

7

What is eudomonia?

Final end

8

When does Aristotle believe that we are fully human?

When we are virtuous and wisdom

9

What is the material cause?

What is it made of?

10

What is the efficient cause?

The agent which brings something about. How does it happen?

11

What is the formal cause?

The characteristics. What are the characteristics?

12

What is the final cause?

Ultimate reason for existence. What is it for?

13

What is the Prime Mover?

- Aristotle’s God
- Object of desire and love
- Draws things to it like a magnet
- Immaterial
- Can’t be made of anything
- FINAL CAUSE
- Purpose of all movement
- First of all substances
- Potentiality to actuality
- Not pushing

14

What is God in Aristotle views?

- Not material, spiritual
- God is ‘thought’
- Depends on himself
- Doesn’t change
- Knows himself
- Doesn’t know physical world that we inhabit
- Doesn’t have a plan for us and not affected by us

15

Where can the understanding of the relationship between the body and souls can be found in his writings?

De Anima

16

What did Aristotle see the living creature being?

A substance

17

What’s his ideas on soul and body?

Body as being the matter and souls as it’s form

18

What is the living being?

A composite whole

19

What are the souls like in plants?

Plants have powers of nutrition growth and reproduction.

20

What are the souls like in animals?

Animals are above plants and their souls have appetites as well as powers found in plants so that animals have desires and feelings which give ability to move.

21

What are the souls like in humans?

Human soul is nothing more than organisation of the body but it has the power of reason

22

What did Aristotle believe about the soul?

Soul is the form of the body

23

What is Aristotle ideas on body and soul separation?

Body and souls are not two separate elements but are one thing

24

What did Aristotle believe when we die?

Reason survives when we die not a soul. Soul dies along the body

25

What is telos?

Purpose or end goal/ result

26

What is teleology?

The study of the universe in terms of ends or final causes?

27

Difference between Plato and Aristotle?

Aristotle didn’t believe that they were two difference realms. He refused to accept that true knowledge doesn’t belong in the empirical world. Real knowledge of the world in which we live is the only area where we can have true knowledge