Flashcards in Aristotle Deck (27)
What was Aristotle?
What does substance mean?
Matter and form
What does form mean?
Structure, key characteristics
What is prime matter?
Substance which could have no mater but no form
What is potentiality?
Something contains the ingredients or inherit qualities to become something
What is actuality?
Object fulfils its potential and becomes something else
What is eudomonia?
When does Aristotle believe that we are fully human?
When we are virtuous and wisdom
What is the material cause?
What is it made of?
What is the efficient cause?
The agent which brings something about. How does it happen?
What is the formal cause?
The characteristics. What are the characteristics?
What is the final cause?
Ultimate reason for existence. What is it for?
What is the Prime Mover?
- Aristotle’s God
- Object of desire and love
- Draws things to it like a magnet
- Can’t be made of anything
- FINAL CAUSE
- Purpose of all movement
- First of all substances
- Potentiality to actuality
- Not pushing
What is God in Aristotle views?
- Not material, spiritual
- God is ‘thought’
- Depends on himself
- Doesn’t change
- Knows himself
- Doesn’t know physical world that we inhabit
- Doesn’t have a plan for us and not affected by us
Where can the understanding of the relationship between the body and souls can be found in his writings?
What did Aristotle see the living creature being?
What’s his ideas on soul and body?
Body as being the matter and souls as it’s form
What is the living being?
A composite whole
What are the souls like in plants?
Plants have powers of nutrition growth and reproduction.
What are the souls like in animals?
Animals are above plants and their souls have appetites as well as powers found in plants so that animals have desires and feelings which give ability to move.
What are the souls like in humans?
Human soul is nothing more than organisation of the body but it has the power of reason
What did Aristotle believe about the soul?
Soul is the form of the body
What is Aristotle ideas on body and soul separation?
Body and souls are not two separate elements but are one thing
What did Aristotle believe when we die?
Reason survives when we die not a soul. Soul dies along the body
What is telos?
Purpose or end goal/ result
What is teleology?
The study of the universe in terms of ends or final causes?