Flashcards in Plato Deck (46)
What is doxa?
Guess work/ opinions
What is Noeton?
What is Horaton?
World of appearances
What is Eikasia?
What is the forms also known as?
What is Nous?
Using your mind
What is Anamnesis?
Remembering the forms
What is dualism?
Mind and body separate but linked in some way
What is empiricism?
Knowledge through experiences
What is innate?
Knowledge existing from birth
What is rationalism?
Foundation of knowledge is reason
What is noesis?
Refers to Plato’s idea that knowledge is gained through experience
What is a priori?
Knowledge that is held before sense experience is gathered
Referring to Plato and his teachings?
Greek word for ‘Forms’?
What are the characteristics of the forms?
Timeless, spaceless and perfect
What are particulars?
Objects in the world of appearance
What is the Demiurge?
Plato’s god who is a craftsmen
What is the analogy of the cave?
1. Prisoners in a cave ( chained) face towards a the back wall
2. Fire burns behind them and in front of fire is a screen
3. Puppeteers carry artificial objects
4. Fire cast shadows on the wall
5. Shadows real to prisoners
6. Prisoner is released
7. Sees the sun and returns back to prisoners to tell truth
What does the cave itself and prisoners mean?
People are trapped by the illusionary world of the senses. Prisoners minds are empty of philosophy
What does the shadows mean?
What does the puppet handlers mean?
Influential, powerful members of society. False reality
What does the ‘released’ prisoner mean?
Represents Socrates himself who has no concern for the conventions of the day
What does the released prisoners journey out of cave and the return mean?
Journey of mind and soul in and examined life. Prisoner journey is a gradual awakening and presents becoming a true philosopher
What does the world outside the cave mean ?
Real world of forms
What does the sun mean ?
Source of absolute truth- the form of the good
What are the characteristics of the Forms?
divine, invisible, timeless, spaceless
What is the highest form?
Form of the Good
What are Particulars and how do they relate to the Forms?
Particulars are objects in the real world and is the pale copy of the Forms