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Flashcards in Plato Deck (46)
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1

What is doxa?

Guess work/ opinions

2

What is Noeton?

Reality realm

3

What is Horaton?

World of appearances

4

What is Eikasia?

Illusions

5

What is the forms also known as?

Ideals

6

What is Nous?

Using your mind

7

What is Anamnesis?

Remembering the forms

8

What is dualism?

Mind and body separate but linked in some way

9

What is empiricism?

Knowledge through experiences

10

What is innate?

Knowledge existing from birth

11

What is rationalism?

Foundation of knowledge is reason

12

What is noesis?

Refers to Plato’s idea that knowledge is gained through experience

13

What is a priori?

Knowledge that is held before sense experience is gathered

14

Referring to Plato and his teachings?

Platonic

15

Greek word for ‘Forms’?

Eidos

16

What are the characteristics of the forms?

Timeless, spaceless and perfect

17

What are particulars?

Objects in the world of appearance

18

What is the Demiurge?

Plato’s god who is a craftsmen

19

What is the analogy of the cave?

1. Prisoners in a cave ( chained) face towards a the back wall
2. Fire burns behind them and in front of fire is a screen
3. Puppeteers carry artificial objects
4. Fire cast shadows on the wall
5. Shadows real to prisoners
6. Prisoner is released
7. Sees the sun and returns back to prisoners to tell truth

20

What does the cave itself and prisoners mean?

People are trapped by the illusionary world of the senses. Prisoners minds are empty of philosophy

21

What does the shadows mean?

Illusions

22

What does the puppet handlers mean?

Influential, powerful members of society. False reality

23

What does the ‘released’ prisoner mean?

Represents Socrates himself who has no concern for the conventions of the day

24

What does the released prisoners journey out of cave and the return mean?

Journey of mind and soul in and examined life. Prisoner journey is a gradual awakening and presents becoming a true philosopher

25

What does the world outside the cave mean ?

Real world of forms

26

What does the sun mean ?

Source of absolute truth- the form of the good

27

What are the characteristics of the Forms?

divine, invisible, timeless, spaceless

28

What is the highest form?

Form of the Good

29

What are Particulars and how do they relate to the Forms?

Particulars are objects in the real world and is the pale copy of the Forms

30

What is the Form of the Good?

Highest form, most important because enables us to assess and understand things clearly