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Flashcards in Medical Anthropology Key Terms Deck (66)
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1

Passive immunity

Short-term immunity which results from the introduction of antibodies from another person or animal

2

Anthropometer

Instrument suitable for measuring nearly any linear dimension of the human body

3

Gini coefficient

Statistical measure of distribution used as a gauge of economic inequality, measuring income distribution among a population

4

Vitamins

Organic compounds essential for normal growth and nutrition that are required in small quantities as they cannot be synthesised by the body

5

Minerals

A chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life

6

Cardiovascular disease

Conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain, or stroke

7

Health belief model

Psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviours by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals

8

Cartesian dualism

Mind body problem

9

Dividual

Separate/distinct
Mechanisms of a ‘control society’?

10

Quest narrative

An illness narrative in which illness is seen as a spiritual journey

11

Ethnomedicine

A study or comparison of the traditional medicine practiced by various ethnic groups, and especially by indigenous people

12

Hikikomori

Culture bound syndrome, in Japan, the abnormal avoidance of social contact typically by adolescent males

13

Reductionism

Analysing and describing a complex phenomenon in terms of its simple or fundamental constituents

14

Structural violence

Form of violence wherein some social structure of social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs

15

Placebo effect

Some people experience a benefit after administration of an inactive substance which cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself and so must be due to the patient’s belief in that treatment

16

Basal metabolic rate

The rate at which the body uses energy while at rest to maintain vital functions

17

Marasmus

Undernourishment causing a child’s weight to be significantly low for their age

18

Ponderal index

Index of weight in relation to height or length

19

Cure and healing

Curing means eliminating all evidence of disease, while healing means becoming whole

20

The Black Report

A 1980 document published by the Department of Health and Social Security in the UK, which was the report of the expert committee into health inequality chaired by Sir Douglas Black

21

FGM

The ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. The practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East

22

Bioelectrical impedance

A commonly used method for estimating body composition, in particular body fat and muscle mass

23

CVD

Cardiovascular disease-group of disorders of heart and blood vessels

24

Neoteny

The retention of juvenile features in the adult

25

Biomedicine

The branch of medicine concerned with the application of the principles of biology and biochemistry to medical research or practice

26

Neolithic revolution

The first agricultural revolution. It was a gradual change from nomadic hunting and gathering communities and bands to agriculture and settlement

27

Epidemics

A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time

28

Insulin resistance

An  impaired response of the body to insulin, resulting in elevated levels of glucose in the blood (a key component of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome)

29

Embodiment

A tangible or visible form of an idea, quality or feeling

30

Social constructivism

A sociological theory of knowledge according to which human development is socially situated and knowledge is constructed through interaction with others