Learning and Development - Part 2 Flashcards Preview

Spring EPPP Practice > Learning and Development - Part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Learning and Development - Part 2 Deck (94)
Loading flashcards...
61

Which aspect of PERCEPTION develops FIRST in an infant?

A preference for faces over other visual patterns

62

Piaget attributed the animistic thinking of kids in the preoperational stage to what? EGOCENTRISM

EGOCENTRISM

63

Piaget's Concrete Operation Stage is what?

Ages 7-11 years old

64

Second order conditioning facts

The second conditioned response will not be as strong as the first

65

One criticism of anger management training for kids is what?

It places too much emphasis on the individual (does not take into effect societal factors)

66

According to Piaget, the ability to think abstractly is evident at about what age?

11

67

What enhances the effectiveness of punishment?

- Admin immediately after target behavior occurs
- When applied consistently
- When the relationship between behavior and punishment is verbally clarified
- When warning occurs first
- When all positive reinforcements for the targeted behavior are withheld

68

What are we looking for when conducting a Functional Behavioral Analysis?

Conditions that control a behavior

69

Over-correction

Used to eliminate an undesirable behavior- involves having person correct the consequences of their behavior AND/OR practice corrective behaviors (positive practice)

70

What type of technique would be good to change sleep behaviors?

Stimulus Control - based on the idea that increasing or strengthening links between certain cues and behavior in order to increase the frequency of that behavior
IE only sleep in bed for sleeping; get up at same time each morning, avoid napping, get up after 20 mins

71

PreMack Principal

Involves REINFORCEMENT a low frequency behavior (homework) with a high frequency behavior (video games) in order to increase the low-frequency behavior.

72

At what age to children start to define themselves: "I am friendly" or "I am shy."

End of Middle

73

Which theorist would prescribe a client with insomnia to wash the floors for 2 hours each time they woke up in the night?

Milton Erickson, who talked about "ORDEALS" by him and Haley

74

Klein vs Anna Freud and children's play

Klein thought kids play was "free association", while Anna freud argued that it was kids "acting out"

75

Escape conditioning

A negative reinforcement in which a behavior occurs because it allows the subject to escape an undesireable stimulus or event. (Kid apologizing after hitting other kids and ending up in time out).

76

For retaining information in Long-
Term Memory, which of the following are most critical?
Visual Representation, Time, Repetition, or Meaningful Organization?

Meaningful organization

77

Vygotsky viewed the self-talk among children to what?

A means of self-guidance and self-instruction

78

To what principal does an operant psychologist attribute a complex series of behaviors?

CHAINING

79

With regard to predicting job performance, how well does "g" factor (General Cognitive Ability)

It is predictive of performance across a wide variety of jobs

80

If a mother reinforces both kid's homework and piano practice separately with coins, and then withdraws the coins given for piano, what will happen to each of the behaviors?

The piano practice will decrease but the homework will increase due to "behavioral contrast" phenomenon.

81

Halophrasic versus Telegraphic speech

"Milk" versus "Want Milk"

82

What do mother's tend to remember about their children?

Birth weight

83

Implicit Memory

Unconscious, Automatic; IE procedural memory like buttoning pants in the morning

84

KUBLER ROSS's stages of Dying

1. Denial 2.) Anger 3) Bargaining 4.) Depression 5.) Acceptance

85

Gradual decline in intensity, frequency, and duration of a response is called what?

HABITUATION
(No such thing as fading)

86

Research comparisons of monolingual and bilingual children have shown what with regard to inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility

Bilingual children outperform monolingual children on both measures

87

In 1979, it was ruled that IQ tests could no longer be utilized to do what?

Use them to decide if African American children should be placed in special education classes

88

Tolman research with rats in mazes showed what?

That reinforcement is not always necessary for learning

89

Time sampling

Observing for pre-specified time periods

90

Time series design

When the dependent variable is assessed at regular intervals before and after a treatment