Flashcards in Abnormal Psych Deck (147)
Diagnosing an Intellectual Disability: 3 Criteria
1. Deficits in intellectual functioning
2. Deficits in adaptive functioning
3. Onset during the developmental period
DSM 5 distinguishes between 4 degrees of severity, what are they?
Mild, Moderate, Severe, Profound
Severity of intellectual disability is based on adaptive functioning in which 3 ways?
Conceptual, social, practical
Etiology of Intellectual disability is known in about what percentage of cases?
The onset of Child-onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering) is most-often between which ages?
2 and 7 years old
One effective treatment for COFD (Child-onset Fluency Disorder)
(Awareness, relaxation, motivation, competing response, and generalization training).
A diagnosis of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) requires persistent deficits in ____________.
Social communication and interaction; across multiple contexts, including restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests and activities; symptoms during the early developmental period, and impairments in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning.
A better prognosis for ASD is associated with which 3 factors?
1. Ability to communicate verbally by age 5-6
2. An IQ of 70 or above
3. Later onset of symptoms
Treatment for ASD by Lovaas used to increase communication skills
Shaping and Discrimination Training
3 Levels of ASD severity
Level 1: Requiring support
Level 2: Requiring substantial support
Level 3: Requiring very substantial support
ADHD is characterized by:
Persistent pattern of inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with social, academic, or occupational functioning.
Diagnosis Criteria for ADHD
1. Onset of sxs prior to age 12
2. Impairment in at least two different settings
3. At least 6 symptoms in Inattention and/or Hyperactivity/Impulsivity
The percentage of children with ADHD that continue to meet the diagnostic criteria for the disorder in adolescence:
Predominant symptom of adults with ADHD
According to this hypothesis, ADHD is due to an inability to regulate one's behavior to fit the demands of a situation:
One study on ADHD (NIMH Multimodal Tx Study) found these results regarding treatment:
Medication and Medication/Behavioral Treatment produced similar reductions in the core sxs of ADHD.
Specific Learning Disorder (SLD): diagnostic criteria
1. Difficulties related to academic skills as evidenced by at least one characteristic symptom that lasts for at least 6 months IN SPITE OF interventions that had targeted those difficulties.
Most frequent comorbid disorder found with SLD (Specific Learning Disorder).
Tourette's Syndrome: diagnostic criteria
- 1 vocal tic
- Multiple motor tics
- Both of the above beginning prior to age 18.
One treatment for Tourette's Syndrome
Regarding medical procedures in children (Behavior Pediatrics), research as shown that these strategies are helpful for reducing anxiety and pain due to medical procedures
- Open communication
- Multi-component CBT
The pediatric behavior study also confirmed that hospitalized children and children with disabilities are at increased risk for ____________.
Emotional and behavioral problems
This population has been shown to have a particularly difficult time complying with medical regimens and adherence:
Delusional Disorder: diagnostic criteria
- Presence of 1 or more delusions that last for at least 1 month. 7 types.
7 subtypes of Delusional Disorder
Schizophrenia: diagnostic criteria
- Presence of 2 active phase symptoms for at least 1 month, with one of the sxs being delusions.
- Continuous signs of the disorder for at least 6 months
- Sxs must cause significant impairment in functioning
What are the "active phase" symptoms we are looking for a minimum of 2 of in Dx Schizophrenia?
Delusions, Hallucinations, Disorganized speech
and Grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior, Negative symptoms
Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Restriction in the range and intensity of emotions and other functions, and include blunted emotional expression, anhedonia (decreased ability to experience pleasure), a-sociality, alogia (diminished speech output), and avolition (restricted initiation of goal-directed behavior).
Schizophrenia: Onset information
Late teens to early 30's