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Flashcards in Group Work Deck (38)
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Who is credited with establishing the first group experience that was not intended specifically for psycho educational or occupational purposes?

Joseph Pratt


Who created the theater of spontaneity, the earliest form of psycho drama?

J. L. Monroe


Who founded the American group psychotherapy association in 1942 which offered activity therapy groups for children and eventually resulted in the introduction of group counseling in schools?

S. R. Slavson


What are the four types of group work according to the association of specialists and group work?

Task groups

Psychoeducational groups

Counseling groups

Psychotherapy groups


What are some institutional barriers in group work?

Parental permission

Personnel not realizing the value of group work versus other activities

Scheduling challenges

Finding space in the building to run groups


Where is reality distortion in group work?

Occurs when the group provides an example of social reality that is not achievable in the outside world.


What are some challenges to group work?

Pressure to conform

Reality distortion



Unhealthy attachment

Institutional barriers


What is a therapeutic factor, or curative factor, in group work?

It is generally created by the group leader or relationships with other members, that improves and members overall condition.


What does group cohesiveness indicate?

It indicates that effective therapy is occurring because it facilitates trust and a willingness to take risks.


What are the ethics regarding confidentiality in group work?

Group leaders are ethically required to keep confidentiality but there is no ethical requirement that client will maintain confidentiality. Members must understand that confidentiality from other members is not guaranteed.


What are the ethics and re-guarding group members screening?

Group members screening must be contacted by the leader to ensure the appropriateness of members and group fit.


Who introduced group work to schools?

Jesse Davis


What is a marathon group?

Group members meet together for extended periods of time, usually between 24 and 48 hours, through out which members were expected to become more authentic and engage in true self disclosure. Came into prominence during the 1960s and 1970s.


What was the first form of psycho drama called?

The theater of spontaneity


What are task groups?

They are designed around accomplishing a specific goal. The focus is not on changing people but on completing the task at hand in an efficient and effective manner.


What are psychoeducational groups?

They are more structured than counseling or psychotherapy groups, they emphasize skill development through various skill building exercises, they encourage discussion, sharing, and feedback of members.


What are the different types of psychoeducational groups?


Growth oriented



What are counseling groups?

Designed to help members work on interpersonal problems and promotes behavioral changes related to these problems. They are typically problem – oriented but can also be preventative, growth oriented, or remedial.


What is a psychotherapy group?

Designed to treat those who may be experiencing severe chronic problems in their lives.


What are the primary tasks of leaders?

Executive functions

Building a group culture

Bringing members into the here and now


What are three different leadership styles?

Authoritarian (theory x) - takes control of and responsibility for the group; sets the agenda, goals, and rules; serves as the conduit for member interaction.

Democratic ( theory y) - facilitates member interactions; with leader guidance, members make decisions, take responsibility, set agenda, goals, and rules; sets norms encouraging member interaction, self disclosure, and feedback.

Laissez-faire ( theory z) – assumes a little or no leader ship or responsibility for group agenda, goals, or rules; assumes members all have abilities to make changes and take responsibility for the group on their own; lacks structure and directedness.


What are the four primary goals of effective leaders?

Provide a caring attitude

Provide meaning attribution

Model appropriate self disclosure and confrontation

Provide limits, rules, and structure


What forms might resistance take in group therapy?




Excessive talkativeness

Rescuing behaviors

Distracting the group from pursuing goals


When are resistance and conflict frequently observed during groups?

They are frequently observed during the transition stage of counseling and psychotherapy groups or at the beginning stages of task and psychoeducational groups


What is the difference between a planned theme group and a spontaneous content group?

A planned theme group is restricted to individuals with a demonstrated need in that particular themed area. Examples include social skills groups for children and adolescents, domestic violence for adults, and parenting skills.

Spontaneous content groups do not have planned content themes and are designed to provide personal growth and support membership is generally dictated by the need for general development and member characteristics, such as age or severity of issues. Example includes men's personal growth group.


What are the potential benefits of having a heterogenous grouping?

May lead to better reality testing, deeper learning, and better transference.


What are the potential benefits of homogenous groups?

Quicker identification, better attendance, decreased resistance, and better insight.


What factors contribute to group dynamics?

Group structure, content, and process


What are structure issues in groups?

Group size



Open/closed groups


What are content issues in groups?

The actual subject under discussion by the group members.