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What are the different types of assessments?

Power tests

Speed tests

Maximal performance test

Typical performance test

Standardized tests

Nonstandardized tests

Individual tests

Group tests

Objective tests

Subjective tests


What is a power test?

It limits perfect scores by including difficult test items that few individuals can answer correctly. These tests measure how well the test taker can perform given items of varying difficulty regardless of time or speed of response.


What is a speed test?

Uses limited testing time to prevent perfect scores. Typically, these tests have easy questions but include too many items to answer in the allotted time. They assess how quickly the test taker can understand the question and choose the right answer.


What are standardized test's?

Are designed to ensure the conditions for administration, test content, scoring procedures, and interpretations are consistent. They have some degree of validity and reliability and as a result an individuals test score can be compared to a norm group.

The scholastic aptitude test and the graduate record exam are examples.


What is a non-standardized test?

Allows for variability and adaption in test administration, school, and interpretation. These test do not permit an individual score to be compared to a normal group. The counselor must rely on their judgment to interpret the data.

Examples would be the Rorcshach inkblot test.


What are the primary functions of client assessment in counseling?

Diagnosis and treatment planning

Placement services



Monitoring client progress

Evaluate counseling outcomes


What are the three standards of practice for assessment and counseling?

Standards for educational and psychological testing

Responsibilities of users of standardized tests - put forth by the ACA.

The joint committee on testing practices


What are the publications of the joint committee on testing practices?

Rights and responsibilities of test takers

Testes user qualifications

Code for fair testing practices in education


What is the right and responsibilities of test takers?

A publication from the joint committee on testing practices. Outlines 10 rights and 10 responsibilities of test takers. For example test takers have the right to know the purpose of testing, how the test will be used, and who will have access to test results.


What is the test user qualifications publication?

It is put out by the joint committee on testing practices. It establishes guidelines that in for a test users of the qualifications needed to responsibly use psychological tests.

Professional counselors are qualified to administer objective tests if they hold at least a Masters level degree and have completed coursework in training and appraisal and assessment. They can administer projective test, intelligent test, and clinical diagnostic tests by receiving additional training, supervision, and experience.


What is the code of fair testing practices in education?

A publication put out by the joint committee on testing practices at six to ensure that fair testing is provided to all test takers, regardless of age, gender, disability, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, linguistic background, or other personal characteristics.

Offers guidance in four areas:

developing in selecting tests

Administering in scoring tests

Reporting in interpreting tests

Informing test takers