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Flashcards in Professional Orientation And Ethical Practice Deck (72)
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Who is the father of vocational guidance?

Frank Parsons


When did vocational guidance counseling emerge?

In the late 1800s as a result of the industrial revolution and social reform movements.


When did the American school counselor association form?

In 1953, a year after the ACA formed


What is the ACA's definition of counseling?

The application of mental health, psychological or human development principles, through cognitive, affective, behavioral or systemic interventions, strategies that address wellness, personal growth, or career development, as well as pathology.


In 2010 the ACA sponsored task force, 2020 vision for the future of counseling achieve consensus on the following definition of counseling...

Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals.


What is IDEA?

Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act


What is the ACA Code of Ethics?

It is a list of mandatory ethics rules that counselors must follow and aspirational ethics rules they should follow if they want to meet the highest standards of professional practice and conduct.


What is the difference between ethics and law's?

Ethics are developed by associations to help members practice in a reputable manner, whereas laws are included in the penal code and often carry more serious consequences when individuals fail to comply with them


Does ethics or laws trump one another?

The law trumps ethics in all circumstances but counselors rarely have to violate ethical standards to follow the law.


Why was FERPA created?

To specify the rights of parents and non-minor students to access an exam in the educational record, petition to have incorrect information found in the record amended, and ensure that certain information is not released to outside agencies without permission.


What is an educational record?

It refers to any document or information kept by the school relating to a student, such as attendance, achievement, behavior, activities, and assessment.


What are parents rights regarding accessing their children's educational information?

Parents have the right to access their children's educational information until the child is 18 years old or begins college which ever comes first, at which point the rights shift to the student.


What are the guidelines for educational institutions regarding releasing any information any students educational records?

They are required to obtain written permission from the student, with the exception being they are able to give out directory information without consent. However schools must send an annual notice to students and or parents informing them that they have the right to have their information or their child's information barred from release.


What would happen to an educational institution if they failed to comply with FERPA?

They may face punitive action, such as loss of federal funding.


Are counselors personal notes on students considered confidential?

If they are kept separate from the educational record in a secure location they are considered confidential. Students and parents do not have the right to access counselors personal notes.


Are professional counselor's general counsel in case notes considered part of the students educational records?

They can be. It depends on the state.


What is the family educational rights and privacy act (FERPA) also known as? And when was it enacted?

The Buckley Anendment. 1974.


Is FERPA a federal law or a civil rights law?

A federal law


Is IDEA a federal law or a civil rights law?

A civil rights law.


What is the AASCB?

It stands for the American Association of state counseling boards


What is CACREP?

It stands for council for the accreditation of counseling and related educational programs


When was CACREP established?



What are some of the issues involved and counselors moving across different states?

Different states have different educational requirements, titles of licensed professional counselor is different, different licensure exams are used, and scope of practice is different.


What age range of children does IDEA help?

From birth to 21


What is HIPPA?

A federal law to protect the privacy of individuals medical and mental health records.


What are mandatory ethics?

The lower standards to match all members must comply to behave ethically


What are aspirational ethics?

best practices, can inspire members to work on continually improving their own knowledge base and skills to advance their practice and reputation of the profession itself.


Why are codes of ethics made?

As accountability measures and as a means to enhance professional practice.


What are the principles for the ethical codes in counseling?

Autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity.


What are some activities and skills that help prevent or lesson the effects of burnout?

•learn and implement time management skills.
•Number to engage regularly and enjoyable activities and hobbies.
•Establish and maintain meaningful connections with others.
•Pursue professional development.
•Monetary physical and psychological health. •Seek professional support when needed.