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Flashcards in Group Work Deck (196)
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1

Which statement best reflects the appropriate stance of a group leader toward a group comprised of involuntary members?
A. Expect that members will most likely be unmotivated
B. Attempt to downplay the issue of choice
C. Deal openly with members' reservations
D. Move quickly beyond the resistance to clinical issues

C. Deal openly with members' reservations

2

Identify the one statement which is incongruent with the Ethical Code for Professional Counselors.
A. Most group members are aware of potential risks of participating in the group
B. Group members may need to be cautioned to be selective in what they express to persons outside of the group
C. Generally, members do not violate confidentiality when they talk about what they learned in group sessions
D. Techniques which arouse strong emotions are best used only when a trusting relationship has been established

A. Most group members are aware of potential risks of participating in the group

3

To be effective as co-leaders of a group, which of the following would be essential?
A. Mutual respect more than the same style
B. A personal friendship
C. Spending time together before and after each session to evaluate the leadership
D. Both A. and C.

D. Both A. and C.

4

Which of the following statements best reflects the nature of, and need for, research and group practice?
A. Prolific research of "rank and file" group practitioners greatly aides group practice
B. More pure research is needed instead of field studies
C. At the very least, groups trainers need to learn how to evaluate research implications for practice
D. A primary focus on research can serve to limit the flexibility of the group practitioner

C. At the very least, groups trainers need to learn how to evaluate research implications for practice

5

Advantage(s) of therapeutic groups is/are:
A. Group is an effective way to dispense advice
B. Groups allow people to step outside their real and painful worlds
C. The group setting offers support for new behavior and encourages experimentation
D. All of the above

C. The group setting offers support for new behavior and encourages experimentation

6

Select the statement(s) most reflective of cohesion as it develops within a group.
A. Talking about a lack of trust or fear of trusting is an indicator of an initial degree of cohesion
B. Genuine cohesion exists as a goal to approach, but not to attain
C. Trust is rarely developed during the early age of a group
D. Little actual relationship exists between group attractiveness and cohesion

A. Talking about a lack of trust or fear of trusting is an indicator of an initial degree of cohesion

7

Characteristics best reflective of the Transition Stage are:
A. Catharsis and humor
B. Anxiety and a struggle for control
C. Feelings of both separation and concern for group members
D. Hidden agendas and trust

B. Anxiety and a struggle for control

8

If a group leader or member gives a member or leader feedback in such a way that it invites the person to look at personal behavior and to decide about continuing or changing a pattern, it is considered to be:
A. Judgmental
B. Confrontation
C. Self-disclosure
D. Blocking

B. Confrontation

9

When speaking of self-disclosure in groups, it is best to remember that:
A. For members to progress and grow, disclosures should be limited to safe topics
B. Self-disclosure increases the chances that a person will be misunderstood
C. For the leader, disclosure of relevant personal content is usually more helpful than disclosing feelings which are relevant to what is going on in the group
D. It is helpful to follow guidelines for self-disclosure, such as suggesting that disclosures need to be related to the purpose and goals of the group

D. It is helpful to follow guidelines for self-disclosure, such as suggesting that disclosures need to be related to the purpose and goals of the group

10

Which of the following questions would NOT be appropriate during the final stage of a group?
A. What has this experience meant to you?
B. How can we help minimize the loss you will feel in leaving this group?
C. Where can you go from here?
D. How does it feel to be in here now compared with what it was like for you when the group began?

B. How can we help minimize the loss you will feel in leaving this group?

11

Interventions with groups that are "normal" for the purpose of dealing with decision making or mild situational problems are known as:
A. Group counseling
B. Group dynamics
C. Group psychotherapy
D. Sensitivity group training

A. Group counseling

12

J. L. Moreno is credited with:
A. Conducting public psychotherapy with children
B. Officially creating a group therapy movement
C. Conducting the first official marathon group
D. None of the above

B. Officially creating a group therapy movement

13

The former psychoanalytic patient who developed activity group therapy for children is:
A. Alexander Wolf
B. George Schwartz
C. S. R. Slayson
D. Irvin Yalom

C. S. R. Slayson

14

The interacting forces within groups as they operate to achieve objectives is called:
A. Cohesion
B. Group dynamics
C. Synergy
D. Altruism

B. Group dynamics

15

Which of the following is NOT recommended as a method of dealing with a group member's hostile feelings?
A. Allow the member to act out his feelings
B. Recognize the member's hostility and help him to verbalize it
C. State the limits on a specific hostile act
D. Allow the hostile person to take a break and meet with the counselor after the session

A. Allow the member to act out his feelings

16

The assumptions underlying heterogeneous group composition are that:
A. Such a group is a microcosm of society
B. Self-defeating behavior can more easily be identified and confronted in a group that approximates the composition of society
C. The group focus is on the past rather than on the present
D. All of the above
E. Only A. and B.

E. Only A. and B.

17

Which of the following is the stage/phase conceptualization of Tuckman?
A. Norming, forming, storming, performing, adjourning
B. Storming, norming, forming, performing, adjourning
C. Performing, storming, norming, forming, adjourning
D. Forming, storming, norming, performing, adjourning

D. Forming, storming, norming, performing, adjourning

18

A closed group is:
A. Characterized by the formation of a group composed of members who remain together until the group is terminated
B. A group to which new members may be added only with the permission of the group leader
C. Always problem specific and focused on a single issue commonly shared by all members of the group
D. Always superior to an open group

A. Characterized by the formation of a group composed of members who remain together until the group is terminated

19

Among the differences between family therapy and group therapy are:
A. Groups are specifically designed to provide opportunities for reality testing whereas in family therapy, family members frequently share distortions of reality
B. Transference within group therapy is less amenable for exploration and change whereas transference within family therapy is more amenable for exploration and correction
C. It is less safe to speak openly in group therapy than in family therapy
D. There is more potential for an atmosphere of warmth and support in family therapy than in group therapy

A. Groups are specifically designed to provide opportunities for reality testing whereas in family therapy, family members frequently share distortions of reality

20

Which of the following does not clearly apply to group counseling?
A. Informed consent
B. Privileged communication
C. Privilege to participate
D. Beneficence

B. Privileged communication

21

The group process should aim to:
A. Focus on needs, priorities, and self-enhancement growth on the part of the individual
B. Focus on needs, interests, and priorities of a larger society
C. Work for a balancing of both individuals and collective interests and needs
D. Both A. and C.

D. Both A. and C.

22

When Corey, et al., speak of the two types of goals for facilitators, they are referring to:
A. General process goals and content goals
B. General goals which support a psychological climate and process goals which pertain to members learning for to relate
C. Basic listening goals and goals for developing personal insights into feelings
D. General emotional goals as well as life problem solving skills

B. General goals which support a psychological climate and process goals which pertain to members learning for to relate

23

If psychodrama is effective, the group members will accomplish which of the following?
A. Develop greater personal insight and forgive family members for the past
B. Become aware of their own energy blocks and learn new methods for relating
C. Progress to greater levels of self-awareness and develop better emotional and behavioral controls
D. Develop more effective problem solving skills and be more open to feedback from others

C. Progress to greater levels of self-awareness and develop better emotional and behavioral controls

24

What does a member have a right to expect before making the decision of whether or not to join a particular group?
A. A discussion of the rights and responsibilities of group members
B. A clear statement regarding the purpose of the group
C. A pre-group interview
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

25

Confidentiality in groups is:
A. A legal right of every member
B. Something that members can be guaranteed
C. Limited by state laws
D. An absolute that can never be broken for any reason

C. Limited by state laws

26

Opening up clear and direct communication among members and helping members to assume increasing responsibility for the group's direction is known as:
A. Suggesting
B. Facilitating
C. Goal setting
D. None of the above

B. Facilitating

27

Offering possible explanations for certain thoughts, feelings, and patterns of behavior is called:
A. Interpreting
B. Evaluating
C. Active listening
D. Giving feedback

A. Interpreting

28

Identify the one concept that is NOT included in Irvin Yalom's list of "therapeutic factors" for group work.
A. Altruism
B. Imparting information
C. Catharsis
D. Technical expertise

D. Technical expertise

29

If the group leader intervenes to help members see ways in which they are connected, or in which they share each other's pain, it is an example of:
A. Group cohesiveness
B. Universality
C. Imitative behavior
D. Existential realism

B. Universality

30

The name given to behavior that group members define as appropriate (this includes implicit expectations and explicit rules of conduct):
A. More
B. Roles
C. Scripts
D. Norms

D. Norms