Chapter 4 | Safety and Security Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 | Safety and Security Systems Deck (30)
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How does RESTRICTED ACCESS pertain to safety?

Limiting outside access to your facility or parts of the facility can help ensure guest safety


How does LIGHTING pertain to safety?

Adequate lighting will make it harder for criminals to conduct criminal activity on the property. Makes your guests and employees safer


How does PARKING pertain to safety?

Should be well lit and monitored


How does LANDSCAPING pertain to safety?

Must not create a place for a person to hide in such a way as to ambush a guest or employee


How do SECURITY CAMERAS pertain to safety?

Monitor areas such as parking lots, entry ways, and lobbies.
Tapes should be viewed regularly


How do SLIDING GLASS DOORS pertain to safety?

Need to be tempered glass
Need to have secondary locking systems


How do DOORS TO HOTEL ROOMS pertain to safety?

1. Self-closing
2. Self-locking
3. Have a deadbolt locking system
4. Have a security bar or chain
5. Be of solid construction
6. Have a viewport


How do WINDOWS pertain to safety?

1. Must have a locking system and should not open wide enough to climb through
2. Windows on upper floors should be tempered glass


How do FLOORS pertain to safety?

Should not be a slipping or a tripping hazard. Pay close attention to areas that are likely to be wet, and areas next to walk-off mats by entry ways.


How does WATER pertain to safety?

1. Water temperature should be no higher than 110F at the fixture
2. Constant pressure valves and/or constant pressure systems should be used on both hot and cold water pipes leading to the shower


How do BATH AND SHOWER BARS pertain to safety?

Must be in correct location and be anchored to the wall so that they will not come loose when a guest pulls on them


How does ELECTRICITY pertain to safety?

Ground fault interrupters are required for all bathroom electric outlets


Describe the 5 R's of key control

1. Rationale: Determine who should be able to access what. Includes creation of masters and submasters
2. Record: keep accurate record as to who has which keys and where they grant access
3. Retrieval: Must retrieve keys from departing guests, and employees
4. Rotation: Move locks around to confuse anyone who may have gained unauthorized access to any keys
5. Replacement: If keys are lost or stolen, the locks must be re-keyed


Which of the 5 Rs of key control do not apply to a properly used electronic lock system?

Retrieval and Rotation


Why are coded or electronic lock systems safer than the old key systems?

1. They are re-keyed for each guest
2. With many systems it is possible to track who enters the room


What are the 5 Ts of a crime?

1. Targeting
2. Testing
3. Threatening
4. Transporting
5. Transaction


How do you make a facility a "Hard Target" for terrorists?

1. Restrict access
2. Keep vehicles back from the facility
3. Be vigilant


Describe a wet-pipe sprinkler system and location and problems

1. What: Water is in the pipes at all times and sprinkler heads are closed until a fire is detected by that sprinkler
2. Location: Places that don't freeze
3. Problem: pipes can freeze in cold weather


Describe a dry-pipe sprinkler system and location and problems

1. What: water enters the pipe when a fire is detected and sprinkler heads are closed until a fire is detected by that sprinkler
2. Location: Used in places that get very cold since the pipes won't freeze
3. Problem: Slower response than wet-pipe system


Describe a deluge system and location and problems

1. What: Sprinkler heads are always open so when a fire is detected, all sprinklers go off at the same time
2. Location: Anywhere that fire is likely to spread rapidly such as a warehouse
3. Problems: Can create a lot of water damage. Slower response than wet pipe system


Describe a preactive sprinkler system and location and problems

1. What: Water enters when fire is detected, an alarm goes off giving a person time to put out the fire and shut off the system
2. Location: anywhere that water damage is a major concern
3. Problems: Slowest response rate


Describe a misting sprinkler system and location and problems

1. What: Water enters the pipe when a fire is detected. Sprinkler heads are all opened on a particular line which contain chemicals that bind to the fuel initially and keeps misting to prevent fire from reigniting
2. Location: Commercial kitchens on exhaust hoods
3. Problems: Slower response than wet pipe system


What are the four fire detection systems?

1. Heat
2. Smoke
a. Photoelectric
b. Ionizing
3. Flame
4. Manual


Describe the heat fire detection system

Detects heat of the fire; Good for areas where there is a lot of dust or steam; Select based on detection temperature


Describe the two smoke detection systems

1. Photoelectric: Detects fires that produce lots of dark smoke; Light is shined across a chamber in the detector; If smoke enters the chamber, it disrupts the beam of light and triggers the alarm
2. Ionizing: Detects fires that produce little to no smoke; A small amount of radioactive material ionizes the air in the detection chamber. The charged air conducts a small electrical current. When combustion gases enter the chamber, they disrupt the flow of electricity, triggering the alarm


Describe the flame detection system

Detects fire that produces bright light.
A photoelectric cell detects the light from the fire and triggers the alarm.
Not useful if items in the room block the light from reaching the detector


Describe the manual fire detection system

Considered by many to be the most reliable, however someone must be present and see the fire


Where should lights be located for directing people to the exit to be effective during a fire and why?

On the floor, because the rising smoke will obscure any signs above doors


What is responsible for the majority of deaths in a fire?

Carbon Monoxide (CO)


What are the three reasons you should not stand up in a fire?

1. Smoke will make it impossible to see
2. The carbon monoxide in the smoke will asphyxiate you
3. The heat of the fire will sear your lungs