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Flashcards in chapter 4 Deck (21)
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1

collection of symbols governed by rules and used to convey messages between people

language

2

formally recognized definitions of a term

denotative meanings

3

involves thought and feelings associated with words

connotative meaning

4

govern how words are pronounced

phonological

5

govern the structure of language

syntactic

6

guidelines about the meaning of specific words

semantic

7

govern how people use and understand language in everyday communication

pragmatic

8

involves pronunciation perceived as different from the local speech style

accent

9

a version of the same language

dialect

10

demonstrates connection between two people

affiliative language

11

sharing specialized cheers, greetings, rituals

convergence

12

communicators who want to set themselves apart from others may adopt the strategy

divergence

13

more than one definition

equivocal words

14

vaque statement

equivocation

15

gain meaning by comparison

relative words

16

functions as a shorthand

jargon

17

language used by people of a group who belong to the same coculture

slang

18

more pleasant term: restroom not toilet

euphemism

19

conclusions arrived at from an interpretation of evidence

inferential statements

20

words that sound as if they're describing something when they're really announcing the speaker's attitude

emotive language

21

attacking a person's character rather than debating the issues at hand

fallacy of ad hominem