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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (100)
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91

what causes a protein to denature?

extreme heat or pH

92

the different structures of proteins are held together by what type of bonds?

hydrogen bonds

93

non amino acid moiety of a conjugated protein?

prosthetic group

94

what are the functions of proteins? (7)

structure
communication
membrane transport
catalysis
recognition & protection
movement
celladhesion

95

enzymes (3)

-lower activation energy
-biological catalyst
-break covalent bonds between monomers in substrate

96

cofactor vs coenzyme

cofactor: inorganic; induce a change in enzyme shape to activate active site
coenzyme: organic; accept electrons from an enzyme and transfer to another enzyme

97

3 components of nucleotides

nitrogenous base
sugar
1 or more phosphate groups

98

ATP components

adenine (nitrogenous base)
ribose (sugar)
phosphate groups (3)

99

Where does ATP hold its energy

in covalent bonds

100

Other types of nucleotides?

GTP
cAMP