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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (59)
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1

Define Anatomy

The study of form

2

How can one examine the structure of the body? (4)

Inspection
Percussion
Palpation
Auscultation

3

Define Cadaver dissection

cutting & separation of tissues to reveal relationship

4

Define comparative anatomy

study of more than 1 species in order to determine structural similarities & differences

5

Define percussion

tapping on surface to determine the underlying structure

6

Define palpation

feeling with fingers during examination

7

Define auscultation

listening to sounds of the internal body

8

How can you study human anatomy? (7)

Exploratory surgery
Medical imaging
Gross anatomy
Cytology
Histology
Ultrastructure
Histopathology

9

Define Physiology

the study of function

10

What are a few sub-disciplines of physiology? (3)

neurophysiology
endocrinology
pathophysiology

11

Hippocrates (3)

"Father of Medicine"
established code of ethics
urged physicians to seek natural causes of disease

12

Aristotle (3)

one of the first philosophers to write about A&P
diseases had either supernatural vs natural causes
complex structures are built from simpler parts

13

supernatural causes of disease (Aristotle)

theologi

14

natural causes of disease (Aristotle)

physiologi

15

Claudius Galen (3)

did animal dissection
saw science as a method of discover
thought followers should trust their own observations

16

Andreas Vesalius (1)

published the first atlas of anatomy

17

William Harvey & Servetus (1)

realized blood flows from heart and back to it again

18

Robert Hooke (1)

made improvements to the compound microscope

19

Matthias Schleiden & Theodor Schwann (1)

concluded that all organisms were composed of cells (first tenet cell theory)

20

Scientific Method (6)

1.make observation
2.form hypothesis
3.perform experiment
4.analyze data
5.report your findings
6.invite others to reproduce results

21

Knowledge of anatomy obtained by this method?

Inductive Method

22

Inductive Method

making numerous observations until one becomes confident in drawing generalizations & predictions
can not be falsified

23

More physiological knowledge gained by this method?

Hypothetico-deductive Method

24

Hypothetico-deductive method

testable hypothesis that can be falsified w/evidence

25

Aspects of experimental designs that help to ensure objective & reliable results? (4)

sample size
controls
psychosomatic effects
experimenter bias

26

Peer Review

critical evaluation by other experts in the field

27

scientific fact

information that can be independently varied by trained person (reproducible)

28

law of nature (2)

-generalizations about the predictable way matter and energy behave
-results from inductive reasoning

29

theory

a set of statements derived from fact, law, and confirmed hypothesis

30

theory of natural selection (2)

-describes how species originated and changed through time
-leads to evolution