Autonomic and Somatic Nervous System Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Pharmacology > Autonomic and Somatic Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Autonomic and Somatic Nervous System Deck (91)
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1

Autonomic Nervous System

Innervates cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and secretory cells (glands)

2

Sympathetic Nervous System

Fight or flight

3

Parasympathetic Nervous System

Rest and Digest

4

Somatic Nervous System

Innervates skeletal muscle 

5

Parasympathetic Nervous System originates from

Craniosacral plexus

6

Sympathetic Nevous System originates from

Thoracolumbar plexus

7

Long preganglionic nuron, short post ganglionic neuron

Parasympathetic Nervous System

8

Short preganglionic neuron, long post ganglionic neuron

Sympathetic Nervous System

9

Neurotransmitters of the Autonomic Nervous System

Acetylcholine

Nor/epinephrine

Dopamine

Histamine

Serotonin

Nitric Oxide

10

Acetylcholine

Released from presynaptic neuron and broken down by cholinesterases

11

Norepinephrine is released from 

Synaptic nerve endings

12

Epinephrine is released from the 

Adrenal Glands

13

Types of cholinergic receptors

Nicotinic (Ionotropic)

Muscarinic (Metabotropic)

14

Cholinergic receptors respond to

acetylcholine

15

Types of adrenergic receptors

Alpha and Beta

16

Adrenergic receptors respond to

Epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine

17

SNS

Preganglionic Neuron → _____  → Postganglionic Neuron  → _______

SNS

Preganglionic Neuron → ACh  → Postganglionic Neuron  → Epinephrine/Norepinephine

18

What type of receptor is found at the synapse between the pre and post ganglionic neurons of the SNS?

Nicotinic Receptor

19

What type of receptor is found between the post ganglionic receptor and the target tissue of the SNS?

Adrenergic 

___________________

Alpha-1, Alpha-2, Beta-1, Beta-2

20

PSNS

Preganglionic Neuron → _____  → Postganglionic Neuron  → _______

PSNS

Preganglionic Neuron → ACh  → Postganglionic Neuron  → ACh

21

What type of receptor is found between the pre and post ganglionic neuron in the PSNS?

Nicotinic Receptor

22

What type of receptor is found between the post ganglionic and target tissue in the PSNS?

Muscarinic Receptor 

_________________

M1 - M5

23

Neurotransmitter released by the presynaptic neuron of the somatic nevous system?

ACh

24

What type of receptor is fround between the neuron and target tissue in the somatic nervous system?

Nicotinic Receptor

25

Autonomic Drugs

Mimetics

Lytics

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Mimetics 

Drugs that stimulate (mimic) autonomic effects

27

Parasympathomimetics

Parasympathetic signs

28

Sympathomimetics

Sympathetic signs

29

Lytics

Drugs that block autonomic effects

30

Parasympatholytic

Sympathetic signs