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Flashcards in Adaptations Deck (21)
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1

What is an adaptation?

A special feature that suits a certain environment

2

Name a hot dry environment

Desert

3

Name a cold environment

arctic

4

What do animals need to be able to do to survive in the desert?

Lost heat quickly
Save water
Camouflage

5

How do desert animals lose heat quickly?

They have a large surface area to body ratio

6

How do desert animals save water

Their kidneys do not allow much water to exit in urine

7

Describe the adaptions of a camel that allow it to survive in the desert

- Large surface area to volume ratio to lose heat fast
- Hump filled with fat for energy
- Wide feet for walking on sand
- Eye lashes to stop sand entering eyes
- Thick fur underneath to keep warm during cold nights

8

Describe the conditions in a desert environment

Hot days
Dry
Cold nights

9

Why do animals need camouflage?

To sneak up on prey
To hide from predators

10

What does an animal need to do to survive in the arctic?

Keep itself insulated (warm)
Camouflage

11

How can animals keep themselves insulated?

Thick fur
Thick layer of body fat

12

How are polar bears adapted to live in the arctic?

- Thick fur coats for insulation
- Thick layer of fat for insulation
- Small surface area to volume ratio to lose heat slowly
- White fur for camouflage from prey

13

How are cacti adapted to survive in the desert?

- Store water in a thick stem
- Spines instead of leaves reduces water loss
- Long roots to absorb water quickly

14

What is a predator?

An organisms that eats other organisms to survive

15

What is a prey?

An animal that is eaten by a predator

16

How are plants adapted to scare away predators?

- Thorns
- Poison stings

17

How are animals adapted to scare away predators?

- Horns e.g. deer
- Poisons e.g. bee stings
- Warning colours e.g. poison dart frogs

18

A microorganism that can live in extreme conditions is called an...

extremophile

19

Give 3 examples of extreme environments.

Hot volcanic vents
Very salty lakes
High pressure on sea beds

20

Name some desert animals

Kit fox
Fennec fox
Camel
Australian hopping mouse

21

Name some arctic animals

Seal
Polar bear
Arctic fox