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z - AQA GCSE Core Biology - Old spec > Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drugs Deck (20)
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1

What is a drug?

Any chemical that alters the chemical reactions in the body or the nervous system.

2

The chemical changes caused by drugs can make you _________ to them.

addicted.

3

What is meant by addiction?

When a person feels like they cannot function properly without a drug.

4

Name 2 very addictive drugs

Cocaine
Heroin

5

If a drug is not taken an addict can suffer from...

withdrawal symptoms

6

Describe some withdrawal symptoms

Head aches
Feeling sick
Sweating

7

What is a prescribed drug?

A drug that a Doctor has to write a prescription for you to take.

8

What is an over the counter medicine?

A drug that can be bought without a prescription from a Doctor.

9

The drugs taken by athletes to perform better at sports are called...

performance enhancing drugs.

10

Give 2 examples of performance enhancing drugs.

Steroids
Stimulants

11

How can steroids be bad for athletes health?

They can cause high blood pressure
Heart attacks

12

Are performance enhancing drugs banned from all sports?

Yes

13

What is meant by an ethical problem?

A problem concerned with knowing what is right and wrong.

14

What are the ethical issues surrounding performance enhancing drugs

For drugs - sport isn't fair anyway, athletes should be able to make their own decisions.

Against drugs - Its unfair, athletes may not know health risks.

15

Statins are drugs that are used to...

lower high blood cholesterol.

16

What can high blood cholesterol cause?

Heart disease.

17

Claims about drugs are more reliable if the drugs are tested on _________ of people.

thousands

18

Is cannabis legal or illegal?

Illegal

19

What has cannabis use been linked to?

Mental health problems

20

Are scientists certain that cannabis causes mental health problems.

No more studies need to be carried out.