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Flashcards in Plant Hormones Deck (23)
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1

What is the name of the main plant hormone?

Auxin

2

What does auxin do to shoots (stems)?

makes them grow

3

What does auxin do in roots?

Stops them growing

4

What does auxin do in plants?

Controls growth

5

What are the three things that plants grow in response to?

Gravity
Light
Water

6

What do we call it when a plant grows in response to gravity?

Gravitropism (or geotropism)

7

What do we call it when a plant grows in response to sunlight?

Phototropism

8

What do we call it when a plant grows in response to water?

Hydrotropism

9

Which part of a plant produces auxin?

The tips of roots and shoots

10

Why does cutting the tip of a shoot off stop it growing?

Because no auxin can be produced so the shoot stops growing

11

When a shoot is exposed to light, more auxin builds up on the...

shaded side of the shoot

12

What happens to the shaded side of a shoot when auxin builds up around it?

It grows faster
It bends the shoot towards the light

13

When a shoot is growing sideways more auxin gathers on...

the lower side of the shoot

14

What happens when auxin gathers on the lower side of a sideways root?

The lower side of the root stops growing.
The root bends down towards the ground.

15

What happens when auxin gathers on the lower side of a sideways shoot?

The lower side grows faster.
The shoot bends upwards.

16

When a root is growing sideways more auxin gathers on the...

lower side of the root

17

Roots grow...

towards gravity (down)
towards water

18

Shoots grow..

against gravity (up)
towards sunlight

19

When a root is near water auxin gathers on the..

side of the root nearest the water.

20

What happens when auxin gathers on the side of the root nearest water?

That part of the root stops growing
The root bends towards the water

21

Auxin is a plant hormone that can be used by farmers as what?

Weedkillers
Rooting powders when cloning using cuttings.

22

Auxin weedkiller does what?

Kills broad leaved plants
Doesn't kill narrow leaved plants

23

Rooting powder (used in cloning plants via cuttings) contains what?

Auxin