Flashcards in Diet and Metabolism Deck (21)
What is a balanced diet?
A diet that contains the correct amount and types of nutrients.
Why do we need a balanced diet?
For healthy functioning of cells and for growth
Why do we need carbohydrates?
Why do we need protein?
For growth and repair of cells
Why do we need fat?
To stay warm (insulated)
An energy store
Why do we need vitamins and minerals?
To keep skin and bones healthy
What is your metabolism?
the chemical reactions in your body that keep you alive
The speed of your metabolism is called
What is metabolic rate?
the speed of your metabolism
Name 3 things that affect your metabolic rate
The amount of muscle compared to fat
How active you are
Inherited factors (genetics)
If you do not have a balanced diet, you can become
Give 2 ways that you can have an unbalanced diet
eating too much
eating too little
Eating too much can cause
type 2 diabetes
Not eating enough vitamins or minerals can cause
If you do not get enough vitamin C, which deficiency disease can you get?
How can you increase your metabolic rate?
Exercise more - build muscle
What can high cholesterol cause?
If you are malnourished you may develop a?
Not eating enough iron can cause?
Describe the main symptoms of anaemia