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Flashcards in The thoracic wall Deck (61)
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1

anterior

front

2

posterior

back

3

superior

up

4

inferior

bottom

5

neuroscience terms

ventral
dorsal
cranial/rostral
caudal

6

mid line

mid sagittal line

7

what are the relative porstions to the midline

medial
lateral (further away)
proximal - limbs
distal - limbs
superficial
deep

8

what are the anatomical planes

sagittal - parallel to the midline (parasagittal if not on the midline)
frontal/coronal
horizontal - transverse/axial

9

how many thoracic vertebrae are there

12

10

how many pairs of ribs and costal cartilage are there

12

11

what is the role of costal cartilage

join rib to bone at the front (sternum)

12

explain the different names of ribs

1-7 are true - reach sternum
8-10 are false - they reach the costal cartilage above
11 and 12 - floating they lack anterior attachment

13

describe the ribs

different shapes and sizes

14

what is the tubercle

sticks out of bony structure that provide attachment for ligaments and muscles

15

what are the facets

join ribs to other bones
articular surfaces

16

how does the size of the ribcage change down the thorax

it is bigger at the bottom

17

which way do ribs slope

downwards

18

what is the costal margin

where the diaphragm attaches

19

3 parts of the sternum

manubrium
body
xiphoid

20

what is the manubriosternal joint a landmark for

the 2nd costal cartilage

21

where does the 1st costal cartilage attach

the manubrium

22

where are the articular facets for ribs 3-7

the sternum

23

where is the apex beat of the heart found

the 5th intercostal space

24

what is the ring of the thoracic inlet formed of

the 1st thoracic vertebrae
1st ribs
manubrium

25

what are the contents of the thoracic inlet

great vessels heading for the neck and upper limb, oesophagus (down), trachea (down), nerves and lymphatics

26

what is the danger of trauma in the neck

it is not protected by the rib cage but contains large vessels

27

where is the capacity for lung expansion

in the lower parts of the thorax - where there is the most lung tissue

28

what are the great vessels

major vessels emerging from the heart
aorta, carotid artery, jugular artery, subclavian veins and arteries

29

what is the thoracic inlet

conduit between top and bottom

30

correct name for thoracic inlet

superior thoracic aperture