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Flashcards in bronchi pleura living anatomy Deck (19)
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1

parietal pleura

lines interior thoracic cavity
attached to the costal pleura, (inner surface of the chest wall), superior surface of the diaphragm (diaphragmatic pleura), lateral aspects of the mediastinum (mediastinal pleura), extends into the neck above the first rib (cervical pleura)

2

where do the L and R pleural cavities meet

superior mediastinum
separated inferiorly by the presence of heart and pericardial activity

3

sternoclavicar joint

occurs between proximal end of clavicle and clavicular notch of manubrium of the sternum

4

percussion

tapping chest = hollow drum like sound when air filled spaces
dull sound over solid organs

5

how do you perform percussion

symettrically, systematically on anterior, posterior and axillary regions
striking motion from the wrist and not from the forearm

6

how do you move the scapular laterally (protraction

cross the arms in front of the chest

7

auscultation of lungs

listening to breath sounds with a stethoscope
sounds produced by air turbulence in airways (not alveoli)
bronchial sound and vesicular sound

8

what position is auscultation of the posterior chest wall easiest in

sit over the side of the couch

9

what position is auscultation of the anterior chest wall easiest in

lying supine (face up)

10

anteromedial

in the front and towards the middle

11

what is the chest piece made of

a diaphragm and a bell

12

what cant you hear lung sounds through

female breast
clothing

13

where is the lung hilum

mid point of the scapular and posterior median line
opposite T4-6

14

conditions with chest drain

pneumothorax
pleural effusion
haemothorax
post operative

15

common position for a chest drain

anterior to mid axullary line
avoid the thoracic nerve behind it - it is in the safe triangle

16

describe the safe triangle

triangle bordered by anterior section of lateral dorsi
lateral border of pectoralis major muscle
horizontal line at 5th intercostal space at mid auxillary line (superior to the horizontal line of the male nipple)
and an apex below the axilla

17

what other location can be used to drain for apical pneumothoraces

second intercostal space and mid clavicular line

18

how many leads in an ECG

6 chest leads and 4 peripheral leads

19

names of 6 chest leads

V1-V6