TEST #5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in TEST #5 Deck (50)
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31

Refers to the boiological and anatomical differences between females and males.

Sex.

32

The genetalia used in reproductive processes.

Primary sex characteristics.

33

The physical traits (other than reproductive organs) that identify an individual's sex.

Secondary sex characteristics.

34

An individual whose gender identity does not match the person's assigned sex.

Transexual.

35

A male who dresses as a woman or a female who dresses as a man but does not alter the genitalia.

Cross-dresser (transvestite)

36

Refers to an individuals's preference for emotional-sexual relationships with members of the different sex (heterosexuality), the same sex (homosexuality) or both (bisexuality).

Sexual orientation.

37

A term applied to persons whose appearance, behavior, and/or gender identity does not match that individuals assigned sex.

Transgender.

38

Extreme prejudice and sometimes discriminatory actions directed at gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and others who are perceived as not being heterosexual.

Homophobia.

39

Refers to the culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males found in the meanings, beliefs and practices associated with "femininity" and "masculinity"

Gender.

40

Refers to the attitudes, behavior, and activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex and are learned through the socialization process.

Gender role.

41

A person's perception of the self as female or male.

Gender identity

42

How a person perceives and feels about his or her body.

Body consciousness.

43

The subordination of one sex, usually female, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex.

Sexism.

44

A hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic structures are controlled by men.

Patriarchy.

45

A hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political and economic structures are controlled by women.

Matriarchy.

46

Consists of showing favoritism toward one gender over the other.

Gender bias.

47

Refers to the concentration of women and men in different occupations, jobs, and places of work.

Gender-degregated work.

48

The disparity between women's and men's earnings.

Pay gap.

49

The belief that wages ought to reflect the worth of a job, not the gender or race of the worker.

Pay equity or comparable worth.

50

The belief that women and men are equal and should be valued equally and have equal rights.

Feminism