Flashcards in Surg 102--Chapters 8 & 9 Deck (54)
The presence of three or more physical congenital abnormalities is referred to as _____.
What does VACTERL stand for?
Another acronym used to describe multiple congenital defects is _____.
What does CHARGE stand for?
-Coloboma (split iris)
Occur in infants and children but with minimal frequency when compared with occurrence rates for adults.
What is the leading cause of death in children?
accidental injury (trauma)
Not compatible with life.
In utero after 3 months of gestation.
-Gestational age more than 24 weeks
-Birth-weight more than 500g
-Capable of sustaining life outside uterus
-Gestational age less than 37 weeks
-Birth-weight 2500g or less
-Gestational age less than 38 weeks
-Birth-weight more than 2500g
-Gestational age 38-40 weeks
-birth-weight greater than 2500g
-Gestational age extended by more than 8 weeks
-First 28 days of extra-uterine life.
-28 days to 18 months
-18 - 30 months
-2.5 - 5 years
-6 - 12 years
-13 - 18 years
When is hypotension apparent in an infant?
not until 50% of the circulating volume is lost
Neonate blood volume.
75 - 80 mL/kg
6 weeks - 2 years blood volume.
2 years - puberty
During repair of am esophageal atresia, what type of tubes used during gastrostomy?
gastrostomy tube (percutaneous endoscopic (PEG) tube)
What is the most common cause for an abdominal surgical procedure in children ages 5 to 10?
What is cryptorchidism?
What procedures can be used to repair cryptorchidism?
two-stage Torek operation
Also known as club foot, the most common of the talipes deformities.
Cleft lip "rule of 10s".
10 weeks of age, 10 g of hemoglobin, 10 lbs of body weight.