Surg 102--Chapters 8 & 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surg 102--Chapters 8 & 9 Deck (54)
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1

The presence of three or more physical congenital abnormalities is referred to as _____.

VACTERL

2

What does VACTERL stand for?

-Vertebral
-Anal
-Cardiac
-Tracheoesophageal
-Esophageal
-Renal
-Limb defect

3

Another acronym used to describe multiple congenital defects is _____.

CHARGE

4

What does CHARGE stand for?

-Coloboma (split iris)
-Hearing
-Atresia
-Retardation
-Genitourinary
-Esophageal

5

Occur in infants and children but with minimal frequency when compared with occurrence rates for adults.

malignant tumors

6

What is the leading cause of death in children?

accidental injury (trauma)

7

Not compatible with life.

embryo

8

In utero after 3 months of gestation.

fetus

9

-Gestational age more than 24 weeks
-Birth-weight more than 500g
-Capable of sustaining life outside uterus

potentially viable

10

-Gestational age less than 37 weeks
-Birth-weight 2500g or less

true preterm

11

-Gestational age less than 38 weeks
-Birth-weight more than 2500g

large preterm

12

-Gestational age 38-40 weeks
-birth-weight greater than 2500g

term neonate

13

-Gestational age extended by more than 8 weeks

postterm

14

-First 28 days of extra-uterine life.

neonatal period

15

-28 days to 18 months

infant

16

-18 - 30 months

toddler

17

-2.5 - 5 years

preschool age

18

-6 - 12 years

school age

19

-13 - 18 years

adolescent

20

When is hypotension apparent in an infant?

not until 50% of the circulating volume is lost

21

Neonate blood volume.

75 - 80 mL/kg

22

6 weeks - 2 years blood volume.

75 mL/kg

23

2 years - puberty

72 mL/kg

24

During repair of am esophageal atresia, what type of tubes used during gastrostomy?

gastrostomy tube (percutaneous endoscopic (PEG) tube)

25

What is the most common cause for an abdominal surgical procedure in children ages 5 to 10?

appendectomy

26

What is cryptorchidism?

undescended testicles

27

What procedures can be used to repair cryptorchidism?

two-stage Torek operation

28

Also known as club foot, the most common of the talipes deformities.

talipes varus

29

Cleft lip "rule of 10s".

10 weeks of age, 10 g of hemoglobin, 10 lbs of body weight.

30

Congenital anomaly characterized by fusion of two or more fingers or toes.

syndactly