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Flashcards in Surg 102--Final Deck (89)
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1

Who is responsible for the patient's head and maintaining airway when transferring.

anesthesia care provider

2

When transporting pediatric patients, where can parents accompany child to?

to the holding area or in the operating suite until induction of anesthesia

3

True or False: Teamwork creates smooth step by step coordination.

true

4

_____ is placed on the patient's legs before long procedures or on patients predisposed to clot formation.

Antiembolism stockings or sequential compression device (SCD)

5

During inflation of a sequential compression device the cuffs push venous blood toward the _____ and during deflation, the vessels refill.

heart

6

A sequential compression device reduces blood pooling (stasis) and _____.

thrombous formation

7

-variation of supine, table is tilted foot down
-unobstructed access to the upper peritoneal cavity and lower esophagus
-instruments must be secured by a magnetic pad or pocket holders

Reverse Trendelenburg position

8

In the lithotomy position, how are the legs removed from stirrups?

requires 2 people, release feet from stirrup, slowly bring the knees to the midline and gradually extend the hip and knees

9

-orthopedic procedures
-used for facial, cranial, or reconstructive breast surgery

Sitting (Fowler) position

10

-simultaneous head-down and foot-down posture
-anorectal surgery

Jackknife (Kraske) position

11

What is the most common type of catheter for continuous drainage?

Foley catheter

12

What are the two primary risks of catheterization?

infection and trauma to the genitourinary track

13

What is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection in the US

urinary catheterization

14

When normal or transient flora are introduced into the surgical wound they cause a _____.

surgical site infection (SSI)

15

What is the body’s primary defense against infection?

skin

16

Hair is not removed unless _____ requests it.

surgeon

17

Hair is removed as close to the time of _____ as possible

surgery

18

Hair is removed with a _____, electric clippers or chemical depilatory

razor

19

Hair should be removed in an area _____ where the surgery is performed.

away from

20

Hair removal for cranial procedures:

- Cranial procedures are often performed with minimal hair removal
- If its required to be removed, the hair is returned to the patient after surgery
- The surgeon usually removes the hair in this case

21

If you were prepping for Coronary Artery bypass and you are taking saphenous vein. How would you prep?

2 prep kits required and you would start with the saphenous vein prep first

22

Can’t use _____, _____, or _____ to prep ears

alcohol, iodophor, or chlorhexidine

23

What is the prep for radical mastectomy?

mastectomy prep boundary the includes the neck , shoulder of the affected side, and thorax to the operating table surface, and mid pelvis region

24

During breast and thorax prep, how should tissue suspected to be cancerous should be prepped?

prepared gently, painted with little friction and pressure as possible

25

When prepping abdomen what is done first?

umbilicus is prepped

26

What is used to hold blue towels in place when draping?

nonpentrating towel clips

27

What is general anesthesia?

Anesthesia associated with state of unconsciousness. It is not a fixed state of unconsciousness, but rather ranges along a continuum from semiresponsiveness to profound unresponsiveness.

28

What is a pulse oximeter and what does it do?

a monitoring device that measures the patients hemoglobin oxygen saturation by means of spectrometry

29

Removal of the artificial airway (tube)?

extubation

30

Muscle relaxation required during general anesthesia?

neuromuscular blockade