Flashcards in Surg 102--Final Deck (89)
Who is responsible for the patient's head and maintaining airway when transferring.
anesthesia care provider
When transporting pediatric patients, where can parents accompany child to?
to the holding area or in the operating suite until induction of anesthesia
True or False: Teamwork creates smooth step by step coordination.
_____ is placed on the patient's legs before long procedures or on patients predisposed to clot formation.
Antiembolism stockings or sequential compression device (SCD)
During inflation of a sequential compression device the cuffs push venous blood toward the _____ and during deflation, the vessels refill.
A sequential compression device reduces blood pooling (stasis) and _____.
-variation of supine, table is tilted foot down
-unobstructed access to the upper peritoneal cavity and lower esophagus
-instruments must be secured by a magnetic pad or pocket holders
Reverse Trendelenburg position
In the lithotomy position, how are the legs removed from stirrups?
requires 2 people, release feet from stirrup, slowly bring the knees to the midline and gradually extend the hip and knees
-used for facial, cranial, or reconstructive breast surgery
Sitting (Fowler) position
-simultaneous head-down and foot-down posture
Jackknife (Kraske) position
What is the most common type of catheter for continuous drainage?
What are the two primary risks of catheterization?
infection and trauma to the genitourinary track
What is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection in the US
When normal or transient flora are introduced into the surgical wound they cause a _____.
surgical site infection (SSI)
What is the body’s primary defense against infection?
Hair is not removed unless _____ requests it.
Hair is removed as close to the time of _____ as possible
Hair is removed with a _____, electric clippers or chemical depilatory
Hair should be removed in an area _____ where the surgery is performed.
Hair removal for cranial procedures:
- Cranial procedures are often performed with minimal hair removal
- If its required to be removed, the hair is returned to the patient after surgery
- The surgeon usually removes the hair in this case
If you were prepping for Coronary Artery bypass and you are taking saphenous vein. How would you prep?
2 prep kits required and you would start with the saphenous vein prep first
Can’t use _____, _____, or _____ to prep ears
alcohol, iodophor, or chlorhexidine
What is the prep for radical mastectomy?
mastectomy prep boundary the includes the neck , shoulder of the affected side, and thorax to the operating table surface, and mid pelvis region
During breast and thorax prep, how should tissue suspected to be cancerous should be prepped?
prepared gently, painted with little friction and pressure as possible
When prepping abdomen what is done first?
umbilicus is prepped
What is used to hold blue towels in place when draping?
nonpentrating towel clips
What is general anesthesia?
Anesthesia associated with state of unconsciousness. It is not a fixed state of unconsciousness, but rather ranges along a continuum from semiresponsiveness to profound unresponsiveness.
What is a pulse oximeter and what does it do?
a monitoring device that measures the patients hemoglobin oxygen saturation by means of spectrometry
Removal of the artificial airway (tube)?