Surg 102--Chapter 15 (Fuller) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surg 102--Chapter 15 (Fuller) Deck (74)
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1

The potential for accident and injury on the OR is one of the highest in the _____.

health care setting

2

What are some of the risks that perioperative personnel encounter daily?

-high voltage equipment
-chemicals
-exposure to blood and body fluids
-stress injury

3

True or False: A successful injury reduction plan must consider both the human factor and the technological aspects.

True

4

The statistical probability of a harmful event.

risk

5

Defined as the number of harmful events that occur in a given population over a stated period.

risk

6

Represents the number of times an event actually under specified conditions in a specific environment.

risk

7

True or False: A culture of safety is critical to injury reduction in the workplace.

True

8

Staff member must have _____of the risk, _____ the responsibility for harm reduction, and _____ on prevention measures.

knowledge
accept
act

9

Three types of potential injury:

1. technical risk factors
2. chemical risk factors
3. biological risk factors

10

Hazards related to medical devices and energy sources.

technical risk factors

11

Hazards related primarily to liquid, gas, and solid chemicals in the perioperative environment.

chemical risk factors

12

Hazards related to the transmission of infectious disease.

biological risk factors

13

What three components does fire require?

1. oxygen
2. fuel
3. source of ignition

14

Normal air contains about _____ oxygen.

21%

15

An environment that contains a greater concentration of oxygen is called an _____.

oxygen-enriched atmosphere (OEA)

16

When nitrous oxide decomposes in the presence of heat, _____ are produced.

oxygen molecules

17

As the concentration of oxygen increases in the environment, so does the speed of _____, _____, and _____ of a fire.

ignition, duration, and temperature

18

Oxygen and nitrous oxide are called _____, because they are capable of supporting fire.

oxidizers

19

An alcohol concentration greater than _____ is flammable and highly _____.

20%
volatile

20

Most skin prep solutions contain _____ alcohol.

70%

21

What medical device is frequently the cause of patient fire during laser surgery of the head, neck, and face.

endotracheal tube

22

True or False: Any heat-producing device has the potential to cause a fire.

True

23

Approximately _____ of surgical fires involve lasers.

13%

24

The active electrode on an ESU can reach _____.

1,292 F

25

Approximately _____of patient fires occur in the airway.

21%

26

Approximately _____of patient fires occur on the face.

44%

27

Approximately _____of patient fires occur inside the patient.

8%

28

Approximately _____of patient fires occur on the skin.

26%

29

To stop the progression of the fire, _____.

the triangle of fire must be broken

30

What are the three steps that are immediately taken to protect the patient and stop a fire.

1. Shut off the flow of all gases to the patients airway
2. Remove any burning objects from the surgical site
3. Assess the patient for injury and respond appropriately