Flashcards in Surg 102--Chap 10 (Fuller) Deck (33)
Surg Tech's must be aware of the risks and dangers associated with positioning the patient for surgery.
All staff members need to protect their own health by using approved methods for patient movement and handling.
Moving a patient always poses the risk of an accident.
Never try to lift or maneuver the patient while reaching forward, away from your center of gravity.
Patient identification is a critical issue in health care.
The surgical team must be guided and directed in the position process. The ACP, surgeon, and circulator draw this direction from their knowledge of the patient's status.
Never leave a child unattended or unobserved.
Greater than normal extension is _____.
Greater than normal flexion is _____.
Nerve injury from hyperextension or hyper flexion is a _____.
Continuous pressure on the nerve or its blood can cause _____.
Compression of vessels restricts the blood supply to the tissue, this is called _____.
What is stage 1 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?
Nonblanchable erythema of intact skin, the heralding lesion of skin ulceration
What is stage 2 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?
Partial-thickness skin loss involving the epidermis and/or dermis. A superficial ulcer evolves and develops clinically as an abrasion, a blister, or a shallow crater
What is stage 3 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?
Full-thickness skin loss, involving damage to or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue, that may extend down to but not through underlying fascia. The ulcer presents clinically as a deep crater with or without undermining of adjacent tissue
What is stage 4 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?
Full-thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue necrosis, or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures
The ulnar nerve where is passes through the _____ of the elbow.
The ulnar nerve where is passes through the condylar groove and then at the _____.
The common _____ and _____ nerve and vessels where they pass through the popliteal fossa at the back of the knee
peroneal and tibial
The _____, which is a complex anatomical area where the branches of nerve roots from C-5 to T1 or T2 merge.
The _____ nerve roots at the base of the spine.
A _____ is associated with a pressure injury
A _____ is a blood clot that circulates in the vascular system and lodges in a vessel, causing obstruction or occlusion.
_____ is placed on the patient's legs before long procedures or on patients predisposed to clot formation.
Antiembolism stockings or sequential compression device (SCD)
Supine position (dorsal recumbent position)
-patient on back
-used for procedures of the abdomen, thorax, and face
-feet must no extend over the edge of the table
-legs must not be crossed
-variation of supine, table is tilted head down
-permits greater access to the lower abdominal cavity and pelvic structures
-gravity retracts organs such as the small intestine, proximal large bowel, and omentum towards head
Reverse Trendelenburg position (foot down)
-variation of supine, table is tilted foot down
-unobstructed access to the upper peritoneal cavity and lower esophagus
-instruments must be secured by a magnetic pad or pocket holders
-patients thighs are abducted, and both knees and hips are flexed
-feet or in stirrups
used for gynecological, obstetrical, and genitourinary procedures
-can cause severe tissue injury
Low lithotomy position
-maintained by stirrups or knee crutches
-allows access to the perineum and pelvic structures