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Flashcards in Serious Crime Investigation Deck (13)
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Scene - Identify

- Consider possible approach paths and establish a Common Approach Path (CAP) for all movements into and out of the scene, using a path which avoids any route possibly taken to and from the scene by the suspect or victim


Scene - Preserve

- consider the best path into the scene
- Record any movements/action taken in the scene
- Preserve what is there and leave it "in situ". Ensure nothing is touched or moved. The scene must be kept in its original state.
- If no immediate life is at risk, consider using stepping plates
- Be prepared to take immediate action to preserve and/or record evidence that may change if nothing is done. For example, rain may damage a footprint or blood stain


Scene - Record

- the integrity of the scene by establishing and maintaining a crime scene log of movements, names, times and reasons for entry and exit to the scene. A template Crime Scene Log is included in the Serious Crime Template


Questioning a Witness - ask

- What happened
- Where exactly the incident happened
- When it happened
- Who was involved

2) Others:
- What the witness did
- Where the witness went
- What the witness touched
- Who touched the witness
- Who else was present
- Descriptions of those present
- What did those other people say/do



- separate from others at the scene
- Consider condition of the suspect, whether they are injured, under the influence of alcohol, drugs or suffer from a medical or mental impairment or other special consideration


Maori Culture (verbatim)

In the case of homicide or serious crime involving a Maori victim, an Iwi Liaison Officer (ILO) must be engaged as early as possible. This will support an understanding and awareness of the Maori traditions, protocol, and beliefs, and enhance relations between the investigation, family of the deceased and the Maori Community



The primary function of an FLO is that of an investigator and not a support person. However, in performing this role the FLO must also offer, facilitate and co-ordinate support that addresses the needs of the family


FLO - normally responsible for...

As an investigator, the FLO will normally be responsible for profiling the victim, preparing a family tree, and gathering all relevant info from the family. This may include, in conjunction with the OC body, taking statements to ID the victim


Area Canvas - main objectives

- ID offender
- ID witnesses
- ID and locate evidence such as vehicles, discarded clothing, weapons, and other articles
- Gather info


Risk assessment (verbatim)

Subject to the appreciation of risks, a reconnaissance should be conducted to establish who is present at the scene. This may include other injured people, or a hidden offender.


Statement - risk of dying

If it is anticipated the victim may die, consider recording an immediate statement, whether the victim can sign it or not. If the victim subsequently dies, their statement may be admissible in proceedings as hearsay evidence.


Post-mortem - taking notes

The OC Body must not make any notes of discussions concerning the post-mortem examination, unless specifically directed to do so by the OC Investigation and/or the pathologist.


OC Witness

Police have a responsibility to understand what is expected from them when dealing with a witness. However, the OC Investigation may appoint an OC Witnesses to be responsible for managing the witnesses before, during or after the trial (then list re: responsibilities intimidation, control and memory)