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Flashcards in Arson - Fire Investigation Protocol Deck (11)
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Fire Service Notify Police if..

- fire results in serious injury or death
- fire considered suspicious


Fire Investigation Liaison Officers (FILOs) have responsibility for:

1- attending every fire that results in serious injury or death
2- co-ordinating fire investigation in designated area or district
3- assisting areas or districts in fire related queries
4- co-ordinating fire investigation training for any Police employees within the area or district as needed
5- Maintaining working relationship with Fire Service Investigation liaison officers and specialist fire investigators
6 - ensure communication maintained with Police National Fire Investigation Co-ordinator, Police District Intelligence Manager and District Manager Criminal Investigations, where needed


Specialist Fire Investigators called when..

1- fatalities occur
2 - serious (life threatening) injuries occur
3 - structure fires where the cause is suspicious or cannot be determined
4 - fires in buildings where in-build fire safety features have failed, or not performed to known or expected standards
5 - structural fires of "3rd alarm" equivalent (6 + appliances) or greater, that may have significant regional or national consequences
6- any other fire upon request from Police or other agency
**minimum of two SFI for death or serious injury attend**


Injuries through hazards

- Inhalation of toxic substances (i.e car fires emit particularly harmful and toxic gases)
- Ingestion of particles
- cuts/wounds from sharp objects
- air borne dusts, particles
- tripping on fire derby
- falling down/over/onto/into obstructions or cavities
- items from above falling onto you or hitting objects causing a chain reaction


Clothing Protection

- suitable helmet
- pair of overalls
- nose and mouth filter
- gloves
- safety glasses
- heavy duty footwear with steel soles and toe caps


Risks - Timber

Normally burn and char, but in most instances will, if thick enough, maintain sufficient integrity.
* take note of thickness, load it's carrying and any sound coming from it


Risks - Steel

Initial stages of fire it will expand and can cause damage to external and internal walls (push them out)
- if sufficient fuel available, un protected steel will lose strength and collapse - walls pulled inwardly
* when cooled by hose or time, will contract and may fall off supports or stay intact loosely - could move/fall with little or no warning


Risks - Concrete

Most unpredictable as affected by extremely low fire temperatures - can topple like a deck of cards in all directions
- when exposed to heat, concrete can break away at surface and expose steel to heat, therefor causing it to lose its tensile strength


Risks - Masonry and Bricks

Can be weakened by deterioration of the mortar


Common methods of setting fires

- Candles
- Chemical igniters (chemical mixes)
- Electrical apparatus (i.e iron left on a flat surface)
- Electric Matches
- Cigarette and matches (i.e cigarette left to burn onto a head of matches)
- Molotov cocktails - intense but relatively short flash fire. (not as efficient as candles and other slow burning ones)
- timing devices


Non-intentional causes of fire

- Carelessness (smoking, fireworks, kids with matches, leaving stove on)
- Faults (chimneys, appliances, electrical wiring)
- Nature (sun's rays, lightning, static electricity)