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What are the risks?

Chemical Hazards and Physical Hazards


Chemical Hazards

May be inhaled, absorbed or ingested
- poison gas, solvents, acids, bases, contaminated waste, contaminated equipment, waste chemicals etc
- chemicals in unlabelled containers
- spilt chemicals

*Also provide danger of fire or explosion*


Physical Hazards

- armed/drug-affected suspects
- explosives
- sharps
- booby traps
- risk of electric shock
- unsafe building structures
-heat/cold stress


Initial Action at Clan Lab Scene - CYPS
11 x actions

O/C Investigation will coordinate the:

** Assigning officer to look after and monitor the CYP:

- Assessment of CYP for injury, illness or respiratory distress

- If the CYP is in need of immediate medical attention this may take priority over decontamination requirements.
(OC must ensure the Medical Facility is notified of the contamination prior to admission)

** CYFS - Request for CYFS to attend scene (if not already done)

** Protection PPE – Distribution of personal protective Equipment (PPE) to CYFS

** Photograph CYP at scene

** Injuries - Recording of the physical condition of CYP including any injuries

** Mental - Recording of mental state of CYP

** Preliminary interview with the CYP

** Consider swabbing the CYP for chemical residues (ESR)
( Ensure the application and search warrant authorises police to cause a swab or sample to be taken from any CYP present at the premises)

** Clothing - secure clothing worn by the CYP as an exhibit (CYFS)

** Appropriate – most appropriate decontamination for the CYP

** Removal of CYP from immediate scene – (cyfs not police)



At least one trained and qualified person must attend every Clan Lab
- have attended a NCLRT course
- trained in the use of BA equipment
- current medical clearance
- PCT & first aid
- demonstrate competency and knowledge of clan labs
- able to train/instruct staff


Levels of Protection
- Level A

** extreme high hazard **
- fully encapsulated suit and self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
- highest level of respiratory and skin protection


Levels of Protection
- Level B

** unknown hazards**
- Protective suit and SCBA
- highest level of respiratory protection
- intermediate level of skin protection


Levels of Protection
- Level C

**fully assessed hazards**
- Protective suit and air purifying respirator (APR) or re-breather
- intermediate level of respiratory and skin protection


Levels of Protection
- Level D

**no hazards**
- work uniform/overalls, eye and hand protection
- incidental body protection


Unplanned Entry

* Police involved must not touch, handle, move, disconnect, deactivate or operate anything *

- Immediately remove persons of interest from the premises
- Isolate the site and maintain a safety perimeter
- preserve the crime scene
- notify duty inspector/NCO, NCLRT and fire service and ambulance where appropriate
- seek advise from NCLRT member or fire service about decontamination
- occupants and staff who have entered are to remain separated until decontamination issues have been address
- seek medical assistance if you experience any adverse effects


Planned Entry

* Safety considerations must always outweigh evidence considerations *

Manner of entry will depend on:
- whether active or inactive lab
- location of lab
- proximity to persons or property
- type/size of lab
- firearms/weapons/booby traps



Use of AOS/STG mandatory when:
- Clan lab believed to be active and/or occupied
- where armed offenders (any weapon) are believed or suspected to be present
- firearms are likely to be present


Minimal Level of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Initial Entry Team

- Flame retardant overals
- chemical and flame resistance coveralls
- boots
- fire resistance gloves
- balaclava
- SRBA vest
- APR's with Air filters


Entering Clan Lab - immediate priority

- ensuring own safety
- protecting other team members
- removing offenders
- protecting community and environment


Covert Entry

*permission of commissioned officer required and NCO must be in attendance*


Hazardous Substance and New Organisms Act 1996
- Emergency def

*arising from a hazardous substance or new organism*
- actual or imminent danger to human health or safety, or:
- danger to environment or chattels so significant that immediate action is required to remove the danger


HSNO Act 1996
- When an emergency has been declared

Sec 137
- Enter and premises or dwelling
- Exercise any power set out in Sec 103 or 119(5)
- Direct any person to:
* Stop any activity contributing to emergency
* to leave any place in the vicinity of the emergency
* refrain from entering the vicinity of the emergency
- Request any person, verbally or in writing, to take any action to prevent or limit the extent of the emergency
- Destroy any property or any other thing in order to prevent or limit the extent of the emergency
- severe the site for up to 24 hours following the decision of the enforcement officer that the immediate danger is past


HSNO Act 1996
- Powers of Entry for Inspection

Sec 103
* Enforcement Officer my, at any reasonable time:
- go on, into, under or over any premises (excluding dwellings) or;
- with the consent of the occupier do as above with a dwelling
* for the purpose of inspection to:
- monitor compliance etc in any premises where a hazardous substance or new organism approved under this act it located. or:
- determine nature of any substance/organism
- determine whether or not any person is complying with a compliance order.
* Inforcement Officer may:
- take samples of water/soil/air/any substance
- open containers and packages
- take photographs/measurements/sketches
- take/remove anything for analysis or testing
- Require:
- something not to be disturbed
- Making of statements by person in charge of premises
- production of any documents relevant (and take copies)

** Must produce evidence of appointment as enforcement officer and results of analysis of anything and why it is being destroyed**


Enforcement Officer

Includes any member of Police and any Chief Fire Officer or person exercising the powers of one.