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Flashcards in Section 4 Assessment Deck (39)
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1

4 phases of intervention

Assessment
Planning
Implementation
Evaluation

2

Assessment

FBA
Obtaining information about the function of behaviors
Allows us make hypothesis to see why behaviors occur

3

Purpose of Assessment

Identifies/Defines target behavior
Guides us to make correct interventions

4

5 Phases of Assessment

Screening
Defining
Pinpointing target behavior
Monitoring progress
Following up

5

Indirect Assessments

Interviews
Checklists

6

Direct Assessments

Tests
Direct Observations

7

4 ways to Acquire information

Checklists
Observations
Interviews
Tests

8

Biological Medical Variables

Rule out medical causes for problem behaviors

9

Preliminary Assessment

Conduct indirect assessment to start your identification and hypothesis process

10

Ecological Assessment

Information gathered about the individual and the various settings in which that individual lives and works

11

Reactivity

Effects of the assessment process on the behavior of the individual being assessed

12

Assessing Social Significance

Consider whose behavior is being assessed and why

13

Habilitation

Assess meaningful of change

14

Normalization

Belief that people with disabilities should to the maximum extend possible

Physically and socially integrated into mainstream society regardless of the degree or type of disability

15

Behavior Cusps

Exposing Variations
New World
New Behaviors
Not a prerequisite skill

Examples
Reading
Generalized Imitation
Crawling

16

Pivotal behaviors

Variations
Modifications
Once it's learned in an untrained environment

17

Generative Learning

#Derived Relations
Enhancing Comprehension of new materials due to previous learning

18

Prioritizing target behaviors

1. Threat to health and safety of client
2.Frequency
3.Longevity of problem
4.Potential for higher rates of reinforcement
5.Relative importance of target behavior
6.Reduction of negative attention from peers
7.Reinforcement for significant others
8. Liklihood of success
9. Cost benefit ratio to change client's behavior

19

4 problem behaviors

Sensory
Escape
Attention
Tangible

20

Default Technologies

Punishment-Based Interventions often selected arbitrarily

21

Method FBA Pyramid

1. Indirect Assessment
2.Direct Assessment
3. FA

22

Functional Analysis

FBA method that allows us to communicate hypothesis regarding functional relations between behaviors and environmental events

23

4 Functional Analysis Conditions

Contingent Attention
Contingent Escape
Alone
Control

24

3 data collection methods

ABC Continuous Recording
ABC narrative recording
Scatterplot

25

ABC Continuous Recording

Record occurrences of target behavior problem behaviors and select environmental events within the natural routine during a specified period

26

Advantages of Continuous Recording

Precise Measures
Useful contextual information and correlation regarding environmental event and problem behavior.
Calculates conditional

27

Disadvantages of Continuous Recording

Often antecedents and consequences do not reliably precede and follow problem behavior, making correlations difficult to detect

28

Conditional Probability

Probability that a target behavior will occur in a specific circumstance
Taken ABC data
Helps us hypothesize the function of the behavior

29

Indirect FBA Advantages

Contributes the hypothesis development about what may be maintaining problem behavior

Don't require observation

30

Functional Equivalence

When you decrease a behavior, you must select an acceptable alternative behaviors