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Flashcards in Section 1 ABA Deck (46)
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1

Applied Behavior Analysis

Scientific Approach for discovering environmental variables that reliably influence socially significant behaviors for developing a technology of behavior change that is practical and applicable. This is evidence based applied science

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Science

Systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about the natural work. Based on determinism

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3 levels of scientific understanding

Description
Prediction
Control

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Description

Systematic observations that are quantified and classified

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Prediction

AKA Correlation;Covariation. Two events may reguarly occur at the same time. This does not necessairly mean 1 causes the other

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Control

AKA Causation. Functional Relation. This is the highest scientific understanding. Experimental demonstration that manipulating 1 event (IV) results in another (DV)

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6 Attitudes of Science

Determinism
Empericism
Experimentation
Replication
Parsimony
Philosophical Doubt

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Determinism

Cause/Effect
Law-fullness
Predictable

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Empiricism

Facts
Experimental Data Based (Scientific Approach)
Observations/Experiences
Quantification and detailed description of events

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Experimentation

AKA-Experimental Analysis. Manipulating variables so as to see the effects of the DV

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Replication

Repeating Experiments
Determine the reliability and usefulness of findings
Discovering Mistakes
Self Correcting

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Parsimony

Simplest Theory
All simple and logical explanations must be ruled out before considering complex explanations

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Philosophical Doubt

Healthy Skepticism
Critical Eye about results

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7 dimensions of aba

Behavioral
Applied
Analytic
Technological
Conceptual Analysis
Generality
Effective

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Behavioral

Observable Events
The behavior 1 chooses must be in the need of the improvement

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Applied

Socially Significant
Improves everyday life
Helps significant others

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Technological

Defining procedures like a recipe and they are replicable

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Conceptually Systematic

All procedures used should be tied to ABA principals.

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Analytical

Functional Relation
Experimentation
Control
Believability
Causation
Demonstrated a functional relation between the manipulated events and a reliable change in some measurable dimension of a target behavior.

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Generality

AKA-Generalization extends over settings behaviors and individuals

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Effective

Is the intervention working?
Clinically Significant?
Improves behavior in a practical manner not simply making a change that is statically significant

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Mentalism

Approach to explaining behavior that assumes an inner dimension exists and causes behaviors

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3 mentalisms umbrella

1)Hypothetical Constructs
2)Circular Reasoning
3) Explanatory Fiction

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Hypothetical Constructs

Presumed, unobserved
Free will, readiness, unobservable storage

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Explanatory Fiction

Wants
Knows
Figures out
Another name for the observed behavior
Contribute nothing to an understanding of the variables responsible for maintaining behaviors

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Circular Reasoning

Cause and effect are both inferred from the same information

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Behaviorism

Philosophy of science

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4 branches of ABA

Conceptual analysis
ABA
Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Behavior Service Delivery

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Conceptual Analysis

AKA behaviorism
Philosophical
Theoretical
Historical
Methodological Issues

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ABA

Analysts that monitor, analyze, revise and communicate the effects of their work